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Surface Phase Transformation in Austenitic Stainless Steel Induced by Cyclic Oxidation in Humidified Air
Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials.
Siemens AG, Huttenstr. 12, 10553 Berlin, Germany. (Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Berlin)
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Sandviken, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
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2015 (English)In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 100, 524-534 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The formation of α’ martensite at the surface of an AISI 304 stainless steel subjected to cyclic heating in humidified air is reported. The α’ martensite formed during the cooling part of the cyclic tests due to local depletion of Cr and Mn and transformed back to austenite when the temperature again rose to 650 °C. The size of the α’ martensite region increased with increasing number of cycles. Thermodynamical simulations were used as basis for discussing the formation of α’ martensite. The effect of the α’ martensite on corrosion is also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon Press, 2015. Vol. 100, 524-534 p.
Keyword [en]
Stainless steel, thermal cycling, SEM, oxidation, high temperature corrosion
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122008DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2015.08.030ISI: 000363070100049OAI: diva2:861052

Funding agencies: AB Sandvik Materials Technology in Sweden; Swedish National Energy Administration through the Research Consortium of Materials Technology for Thermal Energy Processes [KME-701]; Agora Materiae and AFM Strategic Faculty Grant SFO-MAT-LiU at Linkoping Unive

Available from: 2015-10-15 Created: 2015-10-15 Last updated: 2015-11-30
In thesis
1. On High-Temperature Behaviours of Heat Resistant Austenitic Alloys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On High-Temperature Behaviours of Heat Resistant Austenitic Alloys
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Advanced heat resistant materials are important to achieve the transition to long term sustainable power generation. The global increase in energy consumption and the global warming from greenhouse gas emissions create the need for more sustainable power generation processes. Biomass-fired power plants with higher efficiency could generate more power but also reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, e.g. CO2. Biomass offers no net contribution of CO2 to the atmosphere. To obtain greater efficiency of power plants, one option is to increase the temperature and the pressure in the boiler section of the power plant. This requires improved material properties, such as higher yield strength, creep strength and high-temperature corrosion resistance, as well as structural integrity and safety.

Today, some austenitic stainless steels are design to withstand temperatures up to 650 °C in tough environments. Nickel-based alloys are designed to withstand even higher temperatures. Austenitic stainless steels are more cost effective than nickel-based alloys due to a lower amount of expensive alloying elements. However, the performance of austenitic stainless steels at the elevated temperatures of future operation conditions in biomass-red power plants is not yet fully understood.

This thesis presents research on the influence of long term high-temperature ageing on mechanical properties, the influence of very slow deformation rates at high-temperature on deformation, damage and fracture, and the influence of high-temperature environment and cyclic operation conditions on the material behaviour. Mechanical and thermal testing have been performed followed by subsequent studies of the microstructure, using scanning electron microscopy, to investigate the material behaviours.

Results shows that long term ageing at high temperatures leads to the precipitation of intermetallic phases. These intermetallic phases are brittle at room temperature and become detrimental for the impact toughness of some of the austenitic stainless steels. During slow strain rate tensile deformation at elevated temperature time dependent deformation and recovery mechanisms are pronounced. The creep-fatigue interaction behaviour of an austenitic stainless steel show that dwell time gives shorter life at a lower strain range, but has none or small effect on the life at a higher strain range.

Finally, this research results in an increased knowledge of the structural, mechanical and chemical behaviour as well as a deeper understanding of the deformation, damage and fracture mechanisms that occur in heat resistant austenitic alloys at high-temperature environments. It is believed that in the long term, this can contribute to material development achieving the transition to more sustainable power generation in biomass-red power plants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. 56 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1725
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials Materials Engineering
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122945 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-122945 (DOI)978-91-7685-896-7 (print) (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-12-21, ACAS, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2015-11-30 Created: 2015-11-30 Last updated: 2015-12-02Bibliographically approved

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