Association between organizational climate and perceptions and use of an innovation in Swedish primary health care: a prospective study of an implementation
2015 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 15, no 364Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: There is a need for new knowledge regarding determinants of a successful implementation of new methods in health care. The role of a receptive context for change to support effective diffusion has been underlined, and could be studied by assessing the organizational climate. The aim of this study was to assess the association between organizational climate when a computer-based lifestyle intervention tool (CLT) was introduced in primary health care (PHC) and the implementation outcome in terms of how the tool was perceived and used after 2 years. Methods: The CLT was offered to 32 PHC units in Sweden, of which 22 units agreed to participate in the study. Before the introduction of the CLT, the creative climate at each participating unit was assessed. After 24 months, a follow-up questionnaire was distributed to the staff to assess how the CLT was perceived and how it was used. A question on the perceived need for the CLT was also included. Results: The units were divided into three groups according to the creative climate: high, medium and low. The main finding was that the units identified as having a positive creative climate demonstrated more frequent use and more positive perceptions regarding the new tool than those with the least positive creative climate. More positive perceptions were seen at both individual and unit levels. Conclusions: According to the results from this study there is an association between organizational climate at baseline and implementation outcome after 2 years when a tool for lifestyle intervention is introduced in PHC in Sweden. Further studies are needed before measurement of organizational climate at baseline can be recommended in order to predict implementation outcome.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD , 2015. Vol. 15, no 364
Other Social Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121896DOI: 10.1186/s12913-015-1038-2ISI: 000361290500001PubMedID: 26358045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121896DiVA: diva2:860762
Funding Agencies|Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research (FAS)2015-10-132015-10-122015-11-03