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Modelling for the thermal degradation of engine oil in diesel engines
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE).
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Modellering av termiskt beroende för motorolja i dieselmotorer (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Thermal oil oxidation is an important reason for the engine oil degradation in trucks. Having a comprehensive model that includes all the influential factors while it is feasible for being implemented in the ECUs, was aimed for this work. Therefore, the chemical investigating of the problem leaded to propose a first kinetic model and its thermal analysis caused modelling the oil thermal behaviour. The latter was developed for four compartments: Bearings, turbocharger, piston cooling and oil sump in the oil path through the lubrication system, because the highest oil temperature happens due to friction, combustion of fuels and exhaust gas transportation. Independency from the design parameters of the compartments and simplicity of models for the ECU implementation caused to investigate two various modelling hybrid approach: physical modelling and control theory approach. The first one was done for the bearings and piston cooling, and showed a high level of complexity leading to switch to the second approach. The latter was applied for all compartments while it satisfied requested requirements. To adjust and evaluate the models, an experimental campaign was devoted to acquiring the needed parameters with consideration of the project budget. Also using the previous simulation and experimental efforts at the company provided a possibility to develop flow rate sub-models used in the thermal modelling. The proposed model for all compartments, well predicted the oil thermal behaviour for both stationary and dynamic operating conditions. A comparison between the experimental data for the oil in the oil sump and turbo charger was done to show the reliability of the related models in both stationary and transient statuses. For the bearings, the simulation data for stationary condition were applied as a reference. The modelled oil temperature after piston cooling was compared to a set of experimental data that presented the probable temperature in some conditions close to stationary operating points.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 45 p.
Keyword [en]
Diesel engine, engine oil degradation, thermal degradation, control
National Category
Chemical Process Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-175385OAI: diva2:860663
Available from: 2015-10-13 Created: 2015-10-13 Last updated: 2015-10-13Bibliographically approved

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