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Windfall gains or eco-innovation?: ‘Green’ evolution in the Swedish innovation system
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).
Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science, Centrum för lärande, kultur och samhälle (CLKS). (Språk, kultur, samhälle)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9495-3571
2016 (English)In: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, ISSN 1432-847X, E-ISSN 1867-383X, Vol. 18, no 2, 229-246 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper therefore looks closer into climate gas emission and the shift to non-fossil energy in Sweden. What types of organizations are behind the shift to non-fossil energy use, what are the relative effects on emissions, to what extent can these interactive dynamics be considered eco-innovations? Do these effects vary between public and private organizations, and if so, can they be related to specific institutions and policies? Methods include statistical survival analyses, in particular Cox regression. These analyses inform us why energy sources shift. Results indicate that wood fuel and solid waste increase as sources of energy while fossil oil has decreased between 2003 and 2010. This result is in line with industrial and environmental policies of the Swedish governments that present these facts as institutionally and policy-related ‘green innovation’. However, our analysis contests such a conclusion and it is noticed that the shift to non-fossil sources of energy has not led to verifiable decreases in green-house gas emissions. Results instead suggest that ‘green’ innovation of non-fossil energy was mostly the effect of low-tech innovation in public organizations with no fundamental effect on CO2 emissions. © Springer International Publishing AG, Part of Springer Science+Business Media 2015

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tokyo: Springer-Verlag Tokyo Inc., 2016. Vol. 18, no 2, 229-246 p.
Keyword [en]
Innovation, Fossil, Non-fossil, Energy, Sweden
National Category
Business Administration
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29597DOI: 10.1007/s10018-015-0128-zScopusID: 2-s2.0-84944584453OAI: diva2:860193
”Miljöinnovationer i det svenska innovationssystemet”
The Crafoord Foundation, 20120695
Available from: 2015-10-11 Created: 2015-10-11 Last updated: 2016-09-30Bibliographically approved

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Rånge, MaxSandberg, Mikael
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