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Lean Produktion inom prefabindustrin
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Lean production in precast industry (English)
Abstract [sv]

Examensarbetet utfördes på Kynningsrud Prefab AB i Uddevalla som tillverkar prefabricerade betongelement till byggindustrin. I dagsläget är företaget inte helt tillfredsställt med material-, produkt-, information- eller kommunikationsflödet i verksamheten. Kynningsrud vill därmed skapa ett eget produktionssystem, KPS, för en fortsatt expansion.

 

Genom diskussion med företaget beslutades att arbetet skulle fokusera på tillverkningen av väggelement. Syftet med arbetet är att analysera och identifiera förbättringsmöjligheter samt ta fram förbättringsförslag med förhållningssättet lean produktion.

 

För att eliminera icke värdeadderad tid, standardisering av arbetsmoment samt informationsspridning valdes de sju slöserierna+en och 5S verktyget som teoretiskt ramverk. Information om verksamheten samlades in genom observationer, intervjuer och deltagande. Genom en nulägesbeskrivning av väggproduktionen med tillhörande stödprocesser beskrevs  arbetsmoment i processerna. Beskrivningen analyserades sedan efter det teoretiska ramverket.

 

Analysen resulterade i åtta förbättringsförslag som tillsammans skulle eliminera slöserier med en total tidsåtgång på ungefär 12 timmar om dagen. Det innebar en kostnadsreduktion på cirka 3,500 kr per dag. Sammanställning av den insamlade informationen åskådliggjordes genom en GAP-analys.

 

Vid tid- och kostandsberäkningar används den lägst uppskattade tidsåtgången från observationer och intervjuer med personalen som därmed kan innehålla mörkertal. Det gör att de beräkningar som redovisas är i teorin lägsta besparingen som kan genomföras. Kostnadsreduceringen kan i verkligheten vara större vid  en implementering av förbättringsförslagen. 

Abstract [en]

The thesis was executed at Kynningsrud Prefab AB in Uddevalla. The company produces precast elements within the construction industry.  Currently, the company is not fully satisfied with the internal communication or the flow of material or finished products. Thus, Kynningsrud is planning to create a production system, KPS, in order to keep in pace with their current sales expansion.

Through deliberations and discussions regarding the issue together with the company, a decision was made to focus on the manufacturing of the concrete walls. The conclusion came down to the purpose of the thesis would be to analyze and identify opportunities of improvement and to develop proposals targeted lean production.

To eliminate non-value adding time as well as working to standardize operations and make the internal communication more efficient the two theories The seven wastes+one and the 5S tool was elected as theoretical framework. The necessary information about each step of the manufacturing process was collected by observing, interviewing and participation in the working process. The information was assembled to six current state descriptions of the production and describes every operation in each step of the processes. Finally, the description was analyzed according to the theoretical framework.

The analysis resulted in eight improvement proposals that together would eliminate waste with a total time of approximately 12 hours a day for all analyzed operations combined. It meant a cost reduction of about 3,500 Swedish crowns per day. The compilation of the information collected was illustrated through a gap analysis.

The time duration that was used for the saving calculations were estimated values ​​through observations and interviews with staff members. When calculating the time possible to save the lowest estimated time duration were used and the results may therefore contain numbers of unknown cases. It makes the calculations the theoretically lowest savings that can be made. In reality, the cost reduction could be greater if the improvement proposals were implemented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 77 p.
Keyword [en]
Lean production, TPS, wastes, Muda, 5S, Precast, Concrete
Keyword [sv]
Lean produktion, TPS, Slöserier, Muda, 5S, Prefab, Betong
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28142ISRN: JU-JTH-MTA-1-20150029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-28142DiVA: diva2:859938
Subject / course
JTH, Mechanical Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-10-12 Created: 2015-10-09 Last updated: 2015-10-12Bibliographically approved

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