Poly-and oligothiophenes: Optical probes for multimodal fluorescent assessment of biological processes
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
One interesting class of molecules in the research field of imaging biological processes is luminescent conjugated polythiophenes, LCPs. These fluorescent probes have a flexible backbone consisting of repetitive thiophene units. Due to this backbone, the probes possess unique abilities to give rise to different spectral signatures depending on their target and environment. LCPs are a polydispersed material meaning there is an uneven distribution of lengths of the probe. Recently, monodispersed chemically well-defined material denoted luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes, LCOs, with an exact number of repetitive units and distinct sidechain functionalities along the backbone has been developed. LCOs have the advantages of being smaller which leads to higher ability to cross the blood brain barrier. The synthesis of minor chemical alterations is also more simplified due to the well-defined materials.
During my doctoral studies I have used both LCPs and LCOs to study biological processes such as conformational variation of protein aggregates in prion diseases and cellular uptake in normal cells and cancer cells. The research has generally been based on the probes capability to emit light upon irradiation and the interaction with their targets has mainly been assessed through variations in fluorescence intensity, emission-and excitation profiles and fluorescence lifetime decay. These studies verified the utility of LCPs and LCOs for staining and discrimination of both prion strains and cell phenotypes. The results also demonstrated the pronounced influence minor chemical modifications have on the LCO´s staining capacity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. , 54 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1693
Chemical Sciences Cell and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121815DOI: 10.3384/diss.diva-121815ISBN: 978-91-7685-986-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121815DiVA: diva2:859490
2015-11-06, Planck, Fysikhuset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Borén, Thomas, Professor
Nilsson, Peter, ProfessorHammarström, Per, Professor
List of papers