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Internationella inköp av byggmaterial: En jämförelse mellan svenska och internationella leverantörer av glasfasadelement
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
International purchases of building components : A comparison between Swedish and international distributors of curtain walls (English)
Abstract [sv]

Stigande byggkostnader är idag ett faktum. Materialkostnaderna för ett projekt motsvarar ungefär 45 % av den totala byggkostnaden, vilket innebär att effektivare inköp av material kan leda till stora besparingar. Som ett led i detta har byggföretagen i större utsträckning satsat på att göra internationella inköp av material från utlandet. Detta examensarbete kommer att avgränsa sig mot inköp av glasfasadelement.

Skanska Sverige köper idag in glasfasader från olika glasleverantörer i Europa, med detta hoppas man kunna minska sina byggkostnader. Att köpa in material från utlandet kan även föra med sig merkostnader som minskar besparingarna som görs. Syftet med examensarbetet är att lokalisera var dessa merkostnader förekommer och ge förslag på åtgärder hur dessa kan minskas. Studierna baseras på resultatet från två av Skanskas projekt där man i ena projektet använt sig av en svensk glasleverantörer och i det andra ett utländskt.

Arbetet med att lokalisera merkostnaderna har utförts genom intervjuer med nyckelpersoner inom företagen som varit delaktiga i projekten. Det som framgick ur intervjuresultaten var främst brister i projektering och montering av glasfasaderna som orsakats av kommunikationsbrist och missförstånd. Slutsatsen är att Skanska skulle möjligtvis kunna använda en enhet av projekt-koordinatorer som är delaktiga i arbetet vid projektering och montering med expertis inom internationella inköp samt utländsk arbetskraft. Detta skulle ge en bättre samordning av arbetet med de internationella inköpen och förhoppningsvis kunna minska merkostnaderna.

Abstract [en]

Increase in construction costs are now a fact. The material costs for a project is approximately 45% of the total construction cost. A more efficient purchase of materials can lead to big savings. As a part of this, the construction companies are now increasingly investing in international purchases of materials from abroad. This thesis will define itself in the purchases of curtain walls.

Skanska Sweden is today purchasing curtain walls from various glass suppliers in Europe with hope to reduce their construction costs. To purchase materials from abroad may also impose additional costs that may reduce the savings. The aim of this thesis is to locate where these additional costs exists and to suggest measures on how these costs can be reduced. The studies will be based on the results from two of Skanska’s projects were one of the projects has a Swedish supplier and the other a foreign supplier of curtain walls.

Efforts to locate additional costs have been done through interviews with key individuals within the companies which were involved in the projects. What emerged from the interview results were mainly shortcomings in the design and installation of the curtain walls caused by lack of communication and misunderstandings. The conclusion is that Skanska would possibly be able to use a unit of project coordinators who are involved in the work of design and installation with expertise in international purchases and foreign workers. This would provide a better coordination of the work with international purchases and hopefully be able to reduce the additional costs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Curtain walls, International purchases, Communication, Skärholmen Centre, Arrhenius laboratory
Keyword [sv]
Glasfasader, Internationella inköp, Kommunikation, Skärholmen Centrum, Arrheniuslaboratoriet
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-174362OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-174362DiVA: diva2:859277
External cooperation
Skanska AB
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Constructional Engineering and Design
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-10-08 Created: 2015-10-06 Last updated: 2015-10-08Bibliographically approved

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