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Trade and Society in the Straits of Melaka: Dutch Melaka and English Penang, 1780-1830
Responsible organisation
2006 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This pioneering work from a member of Malaysia’s new generation of historians is a tale of two very different cities, the one with a trading heritage dating back centuries, the other a new creation spawned by the declining fortunes of the once mighty Dutch East India Company. Melaka was an important commercial entrepot on the west coast of the Malay Peninsula long before it fell to Portuguese forces in 1511, but thereafter began an extended process of decline that would continue after the Dutch conquest of the city in 1641. Penang became a significant port after 1786 when ‘country traders’ created a base on the island to defy the Dutch monopoly, although it was quickly overshadowed by Singapore after the founding of a British settlement there in 1819.

Drawing on a large volume of archival records, many of them not used by earlier historians, Trade and Society in the Straits of Melaka examines the social and economic fabric of these two port cities, the one very much a Dutch town and the other British. Along the way, the author deals with a number of key questions. Did colonial port cities have a different character and structure from indigenous towns? Did the administrative style of the Dutch and English differ substantially? What was the economic basis of Melaka and Penang? What was the effect of the European presence on indigenous trade and society? The answers involve considerations of urban morphology, demographic characteristics and migration, property rights, and slave ownership. The author also provides a detailed account of shipping in the Straits of Melaka, and discusses how this information contributes to debates concerning the decline of the region’s ‘Age of Commerce’ in the face of imperialist competition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2006. , 415 p.
, NIAS Monographs, 100
Keyword [en]
Dutch Melaka, English Penang, Mekka, Trade
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-4136ISBN: 978 87 91114 88 5ISBN: 978 87 91114 47 2OAI: diva2:858499

By documenting the impact of imperialist ambitions on the economy and society of two major trading centres, this book breaks new ground and will provide a point of reference for all future research concerning the period.

‘This is a genuine pioneering study of Malaysian urban history that breaks much new ground. At its best it is a fine-grained social history of which we have seen far too little in Southeast Asia.’ - Professor Tony Reid, Director, Asia Research Institute, Singapore


Available from: 2015-10-02 Created: 2015-10-02 Last updated: 2015-10-02

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