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Ghrelin increases intake of rewarding food in rodents
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2010 (English)In: Addiction Biology, ISSN 1355-6215, E-ISSN 1369-1600, Vol. 15, no 3, 304-311 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigated whether ghrelin action at the level of the ventral tegmental area (VTA), a key node in the mesolimbic reward system, is important for the rewarding and motivational aspects of the consumption of rewarding/palatable food. Mice with a disrupted gene encoding the ghrelin receptor (GHS-R1A) and rats treated peripherally with a GHS-R1A antagonist both show suppressed intake of rewarding food in a free choice (chow/rewarding food) paradigm. Moreover, accumbal dopamine release induced by rewarding food was absent in GHS-R1A knockout mice. Acute bilateral intra-VTA administration of ghrelin increased 1-hour consumption of rewarding food but not standard chow. In comparison with sham rats, VTA-lesioned rats had normal intracerebroventricular ghrelin-induced chow intake, although both intake of and time spent exploring rewarding food was decreased. Finally, the ability of rewarding food to condition a place preference was suppressed by the GHS-R1A antagonist in rats. Our data support the hypothesis that central ghrelin signaling at the level of the VTA is important for the incentive value of rewarding food.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 15, no 3, 304-311 p.
Keyword [en]
Dopamine, food anticipation, motivation, obesity, reward, VTA
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-109617DOI: 10.1111/j.1369-1600.2010.00216.xISI: 000278393800007PubMedID: 20477752OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-109617DiVA: diva2:858388
Available from: 2015-10-02 Created: 2015-10-02 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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