Insights into Electrochemical Energy Storage by use of Nanostructured Electrodes
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Template-assisted electrodeposition is a powerful technique for fabricating complex nanostructured electrodes. Through the use of pulsed-electrodeposition nanostructured electrodes of Al, Cu and Sn have been realised and subsequently coated electrochemically with V2O5, MnxO, Li, Cu2O and a polymer electrolyte. Nanorods with a multi-layered Cu2O/Cu structure have likewise been produced through electrodeposition. Nanostructured electrodes are ideal for studying electrochemical energy storage and have as such been used to investigate the electrochemistry of conversion and alloying reactions in detail.
Key properties of the Cu2O conversion reaction were found to be dependent on the particle size. Prolonged cycling was seen to induce an electrochemical milling process which reduced the particle size. This process was found to improve the cell capacity retention due to improved accessibility of the material. The redox potential at which the particles react was found to be size dependent as smaller particles reacted at lower potentials.
The Li-alloying reaction was also investigated by analysing several different alloy-forming materials. All materials exhibited a decline in capacity during cell cycling. This decline was observed to be time dependent and could as such be explained by a diffusion limited process. Moreover, the capacity losses were found to occur during partial lithiation of the electrode material leading to Li trapping in the electrode material. Li trapping was also observed for commonly used anode current collectors as the metals have some solubility for Li. Conducting boron-doped diamond electrodes were however seen to be resistant to Li diffusion and are therefore recommended as viable current collectors for anodes handling metallic lithium (i.e. Li-alloys and Li metal).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015. , 79 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1297
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-263482ISBN: 978-91-554-9352-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-263482DiVA: diva2:858070
2015-11-20, Häggsalen, Ångströmslaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Peled, Emanuel, Professor
Nyholm, Leif, ProfessorEdström, Kristina, ProfessorBjörefors, Fredrik
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