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Utveckling av en skopkonstruktion med lägre produktionskostnader
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Development of a bucket design with lower production costs (English)
Abstract [sv]

Detta examensarbete handlar om en skopkonstruktions utveckling, avsedd för en serieskopor men konstruktionen har enbart implementerats på en kabelskopa. Arbetet har utförtspå uppdrag av ett verkstadsföretag som utvecklar, tillverkar och säljer entreprenadutrustningtill grävmaskiner och hjullastare. Företagets vision är att komma ut på den svenskalågprismarknaden, men i dagsläget är produktionskostnaderna på skoporna för höga. Måletmed arbetet har varit att ta fram en konstruktionslösning som sänker företagets produktionskostnader.Efter ett möte med företaget tydliggjordes vilka behov som efterfrågades och dessa behovtolkades i form av kundkrav. Med en QFD-analys översattes kundkraven till produktegenskapersom krävs för en lyckad skopkonstruktion. Fokus har främst lagts på att förenklaskopans montering och anpassa dess konstruktion för robotsvetsning. Några faktorer harvarit att utforma självfixerande detaljer och beakta åtkomlighet för svetsning. Konceptengenererades genom intern och extern sökning, där metoder så som brainstorming och konkurrentanalyshar använts.Konceptvalet utfördes med Pughs beslutsmatris, där ett relativt optimalt koncept valdes förfortsatt utveckling. Vid utvecklingen har diverse verifieringsmetoder använts, som till exempelriskanalys, finita elementmetoden (FEM) och kostnadskalkyl för att kontrollera attdet valda konceptet uppfyller de uppsatta kraven för skopan. I verifieringsfasen identifieradesflera förbättringsmöjligheter som implementerades på det valda konceptet och dettagav ett bättre koncept än tidigare.Det slutliga konceptet har fått en sänkt produktionskostnad, med effektivare montering,minskad materialanvändning och svetsning samt en bättre prestanda än tidigare.

Abstract [en]

This thesis is about the development of a bucket design; intended for a range of excavatorbuckets consisting of four different types, but has only been implemented on the cablebucket. The work has been performed on behalf of a company that develops, produces andsells construction equipment for excavators and wheel loaders. At the present, the company'sexcavator buckets have high production costs, but the vision is to get into the low-costmarket. The goal of this work has been to develop a bucket design that reduces the company'sproduction costs.After a meeting with the company it became clear what needed to be achieved. The collectedneeds were interpreted in terms of customer requirements. A QFD was made, and thecustomer requirements were translated into product specifications for a successful bucketdesign. Particular focus has been put on simplifying the assembly of the bucket and adaptingits design for robot welding. Some essential factors have been to design interactingparts and to consider the accessibility for welding. The concepts were generated throughinternal and external searches, where methods as brainstorming and competitor analysiswere used.Concept selection was made by using Pugh's decision-matrix. A relatively optimal conceptwas selected for further development. During the development, various verification methodswere used, as for example risk analysis, finite element analysis (FEA) and cost estimate,to verify that the selected concept meets the set requirements for the excavator bucket.Several potential improvements were identified during the verifications phase and theseimprovements were implemented on the selected concept, which resulted in an even betterconcept than before.The final concept obtained a reduced production cost, with a more efficient assembly, reducedmaterial use and welding as well as a better performance than before.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
Excavator bucket, Product Development, Spiral process, Concept generation, Concept selection, Finite Element Analysis, FMEA
Keyword [sv]
Grävskopa, Produktutveckling, Spiralprocess, Konceptgenerering, Konceptval, Finita Elementmetoden, FMEA
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8314Local ID: EXM502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-8314DiVA: diva2:857727
Subject / course
Mechanical engineering
Educational program
Maskiningenjör
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-09-30 Created: 2015-09-30 Last updated: 2015-10-02Bibliographically approved

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