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Understanding Resilience and Risks: A Qualitative Case Study of International Disaster Policy and Informal Settlements in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. john.hero.krisbron@gmail.com.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study is the result of a two-year long minor field study project of informal settlements in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The aim was to analyse the concept of disaster resilience by describing possible contemporary complications in both theory and practice related to resilience and risks of informal settlements in Buenos Aires. For this reason I have applied the theoretical concept of resilience used by United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR). The research has been conducted in two local settings of informal settlements by using a qualitative case study approach of semi-structured interviews and observations. The chosen area of empirics has been limited to local voluntary and political organisations in a context of self-organization were all chosen interviewees have some relation to either projects or organizations in the area. The results show that local context of functionality depends on different political strategies that can either restrict or assist the process of resilience, which can occur on both individual and collective levels of community. In this context resistance to natural hazards becomes contradictive in absence of prevention when resilience is achieved without even touching high levels of vulnerability such as drugs and violence. In this setting United Nations stands before a change of paradigms in either continuing to manage disasters or change focus to manage underlying drivers of risks. 

Abstract [es]

Este estudio es el resultado de un proyecto de dos años de un estudio de campo menor sobre los asentamientos informales en Buenos Aires, Argentina. El propósito fue analizar el concepto de resiliencia de los desastres, describiendo las posibles complicaciones contemporáneos tanto en la teoría y la práctica, en relación con la resiliencia y los riesgos de los asentamientos informales en Buenos Aires. Por esta razón he aplicado el concepto teórico de la resiliencia utilizada por la Estrategia Internacional para la Reducción de Desastres de las Naciones Unidas (UNISDR). La investigación se ha realizado en dos configuraciones locales de los asentamientos informales, mediante el uso de un enfoque de estudio de caso cualitativo de observaciones y entrevistas semi-estructuradas. El área elegida de análisis empírico se ha limitado a las organizaciones locales de voluntarios y políticos en un contexto de auto-organización, donde todos los entrevistados han sido elegidos porque tienen alguna relación con cualquiera de los proyectos u organizaciones de la zona. Los resultados muestran que el contexto local de la funcionalidad depende de diferentes estrategias políticas que pueden restringir o asistir al proceso de resiliencia, esto puede ocurrir en ambos niveles individuales y colectivos de la comunidad. En este contexto, la resistencia a las amenazas naturales se vuelve contradictorio por la ausencia de la prevención, cuando se alcanza la capacidad de resiliencia sin tocar los altos niveles de vulnerabilidad, como las drogas y la violencia. En este escenario las Naciones Unidas se encuentra ante un cambio de paradigma, ya sea continuar para gestionar los desastres o cambiar de enfoque para gestionar los  factores subyacentes de los riesgos.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 68 p.
Keyword [en]
Resilience, Disaster, Risk, UN, Community, Self-organization
Keyword [es]
Resiliencia, Desastre, Riesgo, ONU, Comunidad, Auto-organización
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-109493OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-109493DiVA: diva2:857341
External cooperation
Sida - Minor Field Study (MFS)
Educational program
Master's Program in Crisis Management and Peacebuilding
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Minor Field Study
Available from: 2015-10-12 Created: 2015-09-28 Last updated: 2016-03-02Bibliographically approved

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