Imine/azo-linked microporous organic polymers: Design, synthesis and applications
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Microporous organic polymers (MOPs) are porous materials. Owing to their high surface area, tunable pore sizes and high physicochemical stability, they are studied for applications including gas capture and separation and heterogeneous catalysis. In this thesis, a series of imine/azo-linked MOPs were synthesized. The MOPs were examined as potential CO2 sorbents and as supports for heterogeneous catalysis.
The MOPs were synthesized by Schiff base polycondensations and oxidative couplings. The porosities of the imine-linked MOPs were tunable and affected by a range of factors, such as the synthesis conditions, monomer lengths, monomer ratios. All the MOPs had ultramicropores and displayed relatively high CO2 uptakes and CO2-over-N2 selectivities at the CO2 concentrations relevant for post-combustion capture of CO2. Moreover, the ketimine-linked MOPs were moderately hydrophobic, which might increase their efficiency for CO2 capture and separation.
The diverse synthesis routes and rich functionalities of MOPs allowed further post-modification to improve their performance in CO2 capture. A micro-/mesoporous polymer PP1-2, rich in aldehyde end groups, was post-synthetically modified by the alkyl amine tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (tren). The tethered amine moieties induced chemisorption of CO2 on the polymer, which was confirmed by the study of in situ infrared (IR) and solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. As a result, the modified polymer PP1-2-tren had a large CO2 capacity and very high CO2-over-N2 selectivity at low partial pressures of CO2.
Pd(II) species were incorporated in the selected MOPs by means of complexation or chemical bonding with the imine or azo groups. The Pd(II)-rich MOPs were tested as heterogeneous catalysts for various organic reactions. The porous Pd(II)-polyimine (Pd2+/PP-1) was an excellent co-catalyst in combination with chiral amine for cooperatively catalyzed and enantioselective cascade reactions. In addition, the cyclopalladated azo-linked MOP (Pd(II)/PP-2) catalyzed Suzuki and Heck coupling reactions highly efficiently.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2015. , 83 p.
Microporous organic polymers, CO2 capture and separation, post-modification, chemisorption, heterogeneous catalysis
Research subject Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-121209ISBN: 978-91-7649-274-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-121209DiVA: diva2:857338
2015-11-13, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Adams, Dave, Professor
Hedin, Niklas, Professor
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Accepted. Paper 7: Manuscript.2015-10-222015-09-282015-10-21Bibliographically approved
List of papers