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Two NGO-run youth-centers in multicultural, socially deprived suburbs in Sweden: Who are the participants?
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (Med kraft och vilja - Forskning om idéburna organisationers ANDT-förebyggande arbete)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5093-4958
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (Med kraft och vilja - Forskning om idéburna organisationers ANDT-förebyggande arbete)
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (Med kraft och vilja - Forskning om idéburna organisationers ANDT-förebyggande arbete)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7393-796X
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (Med kraft och vilja - Forskning om idéburna organisationers ANDT-förebyggande arbete)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0185-0851
2015 (English)In: Health, ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 7, no 9, 1158-1174 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Leisure-time is an important part of young people’s lives. One way to reduce social differences in health is to improve adolescents’ living conditions, for example by enhancing the quality of after-school activities. Multicultural, socially deprived suburbs have less youth participation in organized leisure-time activities. This study explores who the participants are at two NGO-run youth-centers in multicultural, socially deprived suburbs in Sweden and whether socio-demographic, health-related, and leisure-time factors affect the targeted participation. Methods: The study can be seen as an explanatory mixed-methods study where qualitative data help explain initial quantitative results. The included data are a survey with youth (n = 207), seven individual interviews with staff, and six focus-groups interviews with young people at two youth-centers in two different cities. Results and Conclusions: The participants in the youth-centers are Swedish born youths having foreign-born parents who live with both parents, often in crowded apartments with many siblings. Moreover they feel healthy, enjoy school and have good contact with their parents. It seems that strategies for recruiting youths to youth-centers have a large impact on who participates. One way to succeed in having a more equal gender and ethnicity distribution is to offer youth activities that are a natural step forward from children’s activities. The youth-centers’ proximity is also of importance for participation, in these types of neighborhoods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Research Publishing, 2015. Vol. 7, no 9, 1158-1174 p.
Keyword [en]
Youth-Center, Leisure-Time, Participation, Suburbs, NGO
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45914DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.79131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-45914DiVA: diva2:856527
Funder
Swedish National Institute of Public Health
Available from: 2015-09-24 Created: 2015-09-24 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Leisure-time youth-center as health-promotion settings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leisure-time youth-center as health-promotion settings
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Leisure time is an important part of young people’s lives. Despite this, leisure-time settings have hitherto had only a minor role in setting-based health-promotion initiatives. Improving adolescents’ quality of leisuretime activities can reduce social differences in health, thus youth-centers can be appropriate settings for promoting health. However, young people with immigrant backgrounds participate less in organized leisure-time activities.

The overall aim of this study is to explore young people’s leisure time as their health-promotion setting in two NGO-run youth-centers in multicultural, socially deprived suburbs in Sweden.

This study took a practice-based approach using a mixture of methods in close collaboration with the youth-centers. Data collection was done through surveys with young people (n = 207) and interviews with young people and leaders (n = 16). Study I, about who participates in youthcenter activities, used an explanatory mixed method. Study II, about the youth-centers’ strategies, used an explorative qualitative method with an inductive content analysis.

This study shows that youth-centers have great potential to be a healthpromotion setting if their strategies include some important factors, both in theory and in daily practice. To be a health-promotion setting, a youthcenter needs to be open and inclusive for its target group, foster supportive relationships, emphasize youth empowerment, and integrate family, school, and community in its strategies.

Local knowledge about young people's backgrounds, needs, interests, and motivations to attend youth-center activities – as well as good contact with young people's families – is important because it can increase participation in leisure-time activities for young people in multicultural and socio- economically disadvantaged neighborhoods and can thus help to reduce social inequalities in health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2016. 74 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 66
Keyword
Youth-center, Leisure-time, Health-promotion, Settings, NGO, Strategies, Participation, Multicultural Suburbs, Policy
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51612 (URN)
Presentation
2016-06-15, Prismahuset, P236, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-08-09 Created: 2016-08-09 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Geidne, SusannaFredriksson, IngelaDalal, KoustuvEriksson, Charli
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