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En plats för livet: En jämförande fallstudie om hur två kommuner hanterar de demografiska förändringarna
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A place to call home : A comperative case study a bout how two municipalities manage the demographic changes (English)
Abstract [sv]

Det råder stora ojämlikheter mellan Sveriges kommuner. Dessa ojämlikheter mynnar ut i tvåtrender som råder i många mindre kommuner: befolkningen åldras och urbaniseringsgradenökar. Urbaniseringsgraden har gjort att mindre kommuner har ett försämrat ekonomiskt lägreoch många kommuner står inför valet att antingen höja skatten eller reducera den kommunalaservicen. I denna uppsats kartlägger vi genom ekonomiska begrepp hur två medelstorakommuner har hanterat den demografiska utvecklingen samt vad kommunerna bör fokuserapå för att öka sin attraktivitet.Utifrån de demografiska nyckeltal som studerats kommer vi fram till att mycket av deekonomiska svårigheter som uppkom på 1970-talet lever kvar än idag hos många kommuner.De har hamnat i en negativ spiral som är svår att ta sig ur. Kommuner som å andra sidanklarat sig bättre ur krisen har haft ett bättre ekonomiskt utgångsläge. Det finns även ett tydligtsamband mellan en bra integration av så kallade outsiders och de kommunala finanserna.Uppsatsen tydliggör att en god arbetsmarknad, attraktiva bostäder och bra kommersiellt utbudär avgörande för en kommuns attraktivitet.

Abstract [en]

Currently there are big differences between municipalities in Sweden. These differences leadto two dissimilar tendencies: the population is aging and the degree of urbanisation increases.The urbanisation has set several smaller municipalities in a severe economic situation and alot of municipalities are facing to either raise the local tax or reduce the public service. In thispaper the authors’ research through economic concepts how two medium sized municipalitieshave handled the demographic changes and what the municipalities should do in order toincrease their attractiveness.The findings of this study indicate that the demographic changes, to a large extent, dependson previous recessions in the municipalities which still is causing an unbalanced economy.The municipalities are facing a downward spiral that is hard to emerge from. On the otherhand some municipalities managed the recessions in a more successful way and are nowfacing a more positive economic position. Further, there is a clear correlation between a wellfunctioningintegration on the labour market and public finances. The result of the paper alsoshows that a well-functioning labour market, housing market and commercial supplydetermines municipalities’ attractiveness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 64 p.
Keyword [en]
A comperative case study about how two municipalities manage the demographic changes
Keyword [sv]
En jämförande fallstudie om hur två kommuner hanterar de demografiska förändringarna
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121552ISRN: LIU-­‐IEI-­‐FIL-­‐G-­‐15/01389-­‐-­‐SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121552DiVA: diva2:856416
Subject / course
Bachelor Thesis in Economics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-09-24 Created: 2015-09-24 Last updated: 2015-09-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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