Risk prediction of ICU readmission in a mixed surgical and medical population
2015 (English)In: Journal of Intensive Care, ISSN 2052-0492, Vol. 3, no 30Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Readmission to intensive care units (ICU) is accompanied with longer ICU stay as well as higher ICU, in-hospital and 30-day mortality. Different scoring systems have been used in order to predict and reduce readmission rates.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Stability and Workload Index for Transfer (SWIFT) score as a predictor of readmission. Further, we wanted to study steps and measures taken at the ward prior to readmission.
This was a retrospective study conducted at the mixed surgical and medical ICU at Linköping University Hospital. One thousand sixty-seven patients >18 years were admitted to the ICU during 2 years and were included in the study. During the study period, 27 patients were readmitted to the ICU. Readmitted patients had a higher SWIFT score than the non-readmitted (16.1 ± 6.8 vs. 13.0 ± 7.5, p = 0.03) at discharge. The total ICU length of stay was longer (7.5 ± 7.5 vs. 2.9 ± 5.1, p = 0.004), and the 30-day mortality was higher (26 vs. 7 %, p < 0.001) for readmitted patients. Fifty-six percent of readmitted patients were assessed by the critical care outreach service (CCOS) at the ward prior to ICU readmission. A SWIFT score of 15 or more was associated with a significantly higher readmission rate (p = 0.03) as well as 30-day mortality (p < 0.001) compared to a score of ≤14.
A SWIFT score of 15 or more is associated with higher readmission rate and 30-day mortality. The SWIFT score could therefore be used for risk prediction for readmission and mortality at ICU discharge.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2015. Vol. 3, no 30
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121541DOI: 10.1186/s40560-015-0096-1PubMedID: 26157581OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121541DiVA: diva2:856349