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Virulence from vesicles: Novel mechanisms of host cell injury by Escherichia coli O104:H4 outbreak strain
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2015 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 5, 13252Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The highly virulent Escherichia coli O104:H4 that caused the large 2011 outbreak of diarrhoea and haemolytic uraemic syndrome secretes blended virulence factors of enterohaemorrhagic and enteroaggregative E. coli, but their secretion pathways are unknown. We demonstrate that the outbreak strain releases a cocktail of virulence factors via outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) shed during growth. The OMVs contain Shiga toxin (Stx) 2a, the major virulence factor of the strain, Shigella enterotoxin 1, H4 flagellin, and O104 lipopolysaccharide. The OMVs bind to and are internalised by human intestinal epithelial cells via dynamin-dependent and Stx2a-independent endocytosis, deliver the OMV-associated virulence factors intracellularly and induce caspase-9-mediated apoptosis and interleukin-8 secretion. Stx2a is the key OMV component responsible for the cytotoxicity, whereas flagellin and lipopolysaccharide are the major interleukin-8 inducers. The OMVs represent novel ways for the E. coli O104: H4 outbreak strain to deliver pathogenic cargoes and injure host cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, 13252
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-108134DOI: 10.1038/srep13252ISI: 000359660800001PubMedID: 26283502OAI: diva2:855512
Available from: 2015-09-21 Created: 2015-09-04 Last updated: 2015-09-21Bibliographically approved

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Wai, Sun Nyunt
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Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden (MIMS)Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine)
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