Effect of Zn-Cd interdiffusion on the band structure and spontaneous emission of ZnO/Zn1-xCdxO/ZnO quantum wells
2015 (English)In: Superlattices and Microstructures, ISSN 0749-6036, E-ISSN 1096-3677, Vol. 85, 438-444 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Needs in more-efficient visible light sources based on quantum wells (QWs) requires the diversification of traditional optoelectronics materials as well as development of the cost-effective approaches for reliable quantum confinement engineering. Interdiffusion approach has a great potential to become a simple method for controlling the optical properties of QWs and diminishing the quantum confined Stark effect (QCSE). In this work we theoretically study the effect of Zn-Cd interdiffusion in ZnCdO/ZnO QWs on their band structure, optical matrix elements and spontaneous emission properties. The QW intermixing leads to improving both the transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM) optical matrix elements due to enhancement of the overlap integral between electron and hole wave functions and modification of the confinement potential from triangle-shaped to parabolic-like. The optimized diffusion length 4 angstrom provided by the annealing at 700 K during 60s was determined for 2 nm-thick Zn0.85Cd0.15O QW, which offers higher spontaneous emission rate in comparison to conventional QW. The reasonable interpretation of the interdiffusion effect on the optical properties of QWs is proposed in terms of low diffusion length and high diffusion length regimes. Thus, suitable combination of annealing duration and annealing temperature with the geometrical/compositional parameters of QWs can be the efficient way for improving the optical performance of ZnO-based QWs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2015. Vol. 85, 438-444 p.
Interdiffusion; Quantum well; ZnCdO alloy; Spontaneous emission; Matrix elements
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121305DOI: 10.1016/j.spmi.2015.06.013ISI: 000359873200046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121305DiVA: diva2:854298
Funding Agencies|Swedish Institute2015-09-162015-09-142015-09-28