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Psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar i media: En textanalys av svenska tidningsartiklar i förhållande till aktuell forskning
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att studera medias framställning, i form av tidningsartiklar, av psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar och jämföra det med aktuell forskning för att belysa eventuella likheter och skillnader. För att uppfylla studiens syfte användes en kvalitativ textanalys, där media jämfördes med vetenskapliga forskningsstudier. Resultatet av mediegranskningen delades in i tre huvudsakliga kategorier; utveckling och vård, utbildning och arbetslöshet samt sociala medier och fysisk aktivitet, dessa efter vilka faktorer som var omskrivna i störst utsträckning. Inom dessa kategorier gjordes sedan en jämförelse med aktuell och relevant forskning. Vår viktigaste slutsats i denna studie var att medias information och framställning i mångt och mycket är grundat på forskningsresultat, men att viktiga detaljer utelämnas i artiklarna. Det visade sig att media och forskning har stora skillnader i förmedling, trots att huvudbudskapet ofta är det samma. Ett exempel på detta var att media framställer psykisk ohälsa bland unga som ett ökande fenomen. Forskning visade däremot att det är en viss typ av psykisk ohälsa bland unga som tycks ha ökat över tid, den självskattade psykiska ohälsan, på senare år har det dock snarare skett en minskning. 

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine media’s portrayal, in form of newspaper articles, of mental illness among adolescents and compare it with current scientific research in order to illustrate similarities and differences. A qualitative text analysis was used to examine this aim. The results of media’s portrayal were compared to scientific research. The result shows that mental illness among adolescents is being presented as depending on many different factors. The most mentioned factors according to media were divided into three main categories; development and healthcare, education and unemployment and also social medias and physical activities. In all three categories media’s portrayal were compared with current scientific research. Our main conclusion was that media’s information is mainly based on scientific research findings, but in many cases important details are omitted. This shows that media and scientific research have large variations when portraying their messages. Their main message is often the same, yet they present different meanings. For example media says that mental illness among adolescents has increased and also continues to increase. Scientific research however points out that there is only a certain type of mental illness, which is the self-rated mental illness that has increased. Scientific research also points out that instead of an increase there have rather been a decrease of adolescents with mental illness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 49 p.
Keyword [en]
mental illness, adolescents, media, scientific research, healthcare, education, unemployment, social media, physical activity
Keyword [sv]
psykisk ohälsa, ungdomar, media, forskning, vård, utbildning, arbetslöshet, sociala medier, fysisk aktivitet
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20238Archive number: SGSOK-2015-27OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-20238DiVA: diva2:852788
Subject / course
Social work
Educational program
Social work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-09-14 Created: 2015-09-10 Last updated: 2015-09-14Bibliographically approved

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