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Estimation of possibility to implement fuel cell technology for decentralized energy supply in Russia
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology. Gubkin State University of oil and gas.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Industrial power generation is an ever-changing practice. After the steam turbine was invented energy production developed with accelerated tempo. Coal replaced wood, oil replaced coal and after natural gas started being used as an energy source, no one could even imagine better and cleaner energy technologies. But in the 21st century renewable energy started its development. The western world decided to develop green, environmentally friendlier technologies with a strong desire to become independent form oil and gas exporters. Hydrogen energy and fuel cell technology are two of the most promising fields of energy study. The European Union and the USA regularly invest a lot of money for research in this area and rapidly develop an energy economy that is free from CO2 emissions.

In this scientific report, the situation of hydrogen energy systems in the world but also with a large focus on Russia has been investigated. The main focus was made on successful international projects which have been created within last decades. Moreover, hydrogen production methods and fuel cell technology were described in detail. The cost to produce 1 kg of hydrogen gas based off of Russian economic figures and using water electrolysis and steam reforming process was estimated. Solid oxide and polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells were considered in the analysis. The next step was to estimate effectiveness of combined technology with electrical power of 1 kW and economic feasibility of using such technology as stand-alone power generation system in the regions with decentralized electricity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 66 p.
Keyword [en]
hydrogen, fuel cell, gasification, steam reforming process, efficiency, energy system, stand-alone power generation, electrochemical cell, SOFC, PEMFC
National Category
Engineering and Technology Energy Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173238OAI: diva2:852241
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Industrial Engineering and Management
2015-06-09, Moscow, 13:25 (English)
Available from: 2015-09-23 Created: 2015-09-08 Last updated: 2015-09-23Bibliographically approved

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