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How does susceptibility to proactive interference relate to speech recognition in aided and unaided conditions?
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
2015 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 6, no 1017Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Proactive interference (PI) is the capacity to resist interference to the acquisition of new memories from information stored in the long-term memory. Previous research has shown that PI correlates significantly with the speech-in-noise recognition scores of younger adults with normal hearing. In this study, we report the results of an experiment designed to investigate the extent to which tests of visual PI relate to the speech-in-noise recognition scores of older adults with hearing loss, in aided and unaided conditions. The results suggest that measures of PI correlate significantly with speech-in-noise recognition only in the unaided condition. Furthermore the relation between PI and speech-in-noise recognition differs to that observed in younger listeners without hearing loss. The findings suggest that the relation between PI tests and the speech-in-noise recognition scores of older adults with hearing loss relates to capability of the test to index cognitive flexibility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers , 2015. Vol. 6, no 1017
Keyword [en]
cognition; speech-in-noise recognition; proactive interference; working memory; executive function; sensorineural hearing loss; hearing aids; older adults
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121111DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01017ISI: 000359788500001PubMedID: 26283981OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121111DiVA: diva2:851772
Note

Funding Agencies|Linnaeus Centre HEAD; Swedish Research Council [2007-8654]

Available from: 2015-09-07 Created: 2015-09-07 Last updated: 2018-01-11

Open Access in DiVA

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