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Utveckling av postmaterialismen: En jämförande studie av Polen och Ukraina
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This is a comparative case study research on the development of the postmaterial values in two European countries, Poland and Ukraine. The study is done with the basis in a sociological theory developed in the 1970s by an American scientist, Ronald Inglehart. The main characteristic of his theory is the transformation of individual values, changing from materialist values, where the economic and the physical security were emphasized, to post-materialist values, which instead emphasize self-expression and autonomy. He has two hypotheses explaining the value change. First is the assumption that an individual’s values reflect the socioeconomic environment, and the second is that people tend to place high priorities on whatever the needs are in short supply. Once the basic economic and physical security needs are met, other values are given higher priority, for instance belonging, self-expression and autonomy. The aim of my study was to compare the postmaterialist values developement in Poland and the Ukraine, to see, if Inglehart’s hypotheses can be applied on those two countries. The main source of my analysis was the database “World Value Survey”. The result of my study showed that the habitants in Poland have more postmaterialistic values, than the habitants of the Ukraine. That is accordingly to the hypotheses and the theory of the postmaterial development by Inglehart. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 37 p.
Keyword [sv]
Materialism, Polen, Postmaterialism, Ronald Inglehart, Ukraina
National Category
Social Sciences Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-46125OAI: diva2:851661
Subject / course
Political Science
Educational program
International Administration Programme with foreign language, 180 credits
Available from: 2015-09-09 Created: 2015-09-07 Last updated: 2015-09-09Bibliographically approved

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