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Inkludera eller exkludera: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas upplevelser om samarbete med missbrukares anhöriga
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att ta reda på hur socialarbetare upplever anhörigas betydelse i klientarbetet samt hur socialarbetare förhåller sig till de anhöriga. Som grund för studien utfördes en narrativ intervju med en anhörig, samt kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra socialsekreterare och en beroendeterapeut. Empirin från studien analyserades med evidensbaserad praktik som teoretiskt perspektiv samt med socialt kapital/socialt stöd och rollteori som teoretiska verktyg. Resultatet visar att informanterna upplevde anhöriga som en viktig del i klientens kontext, vilket kunde ha effekt på behandlingsresultatet. Forskningsresultat pekar på att socialt stöd är en viktig komponent för en lyckad behandling samt att det har stöd i evidensbaserad forskning. Resultatet visar ett tydligt mönster som framkom i intervjuerna, dessa är: Att se anhöriga som resurser, Anhöriga exkluderas från behandlingsprocessen, Anhöriga klientifieras. De anhöriga skulle kunna vara en tillgång för klienten och då speciellt vid hemkomst från behandling samtidigt som de professionella exkluderar de anhöriga från klientens behandlingsprocess. Om anhöriga initierar kontakt med de professionella blir fokus på den anhöriges behov och en klientifiering blir följden. I analysen framkom att de professionella uppträder med två roller mot de anhöriga, den ena där de behåller samma professionella roll som de har i mötet med missbrukarna och då klientifierar de anhöriga samt en personlig roll där de möter anhöriga utifrån ett mer medmänskligt perspektiv.

Abstract [en]

The study's purpose was to find out how social workers feel that the relatives are important in client work and how the social workers relates to the relatives. A narrative interview as a basis for the study was conducted with a relative, five qualitative interviews with social workers and one addiction therapist. The empiricism from the study was analyzed using EBP, social capital / social support and role-theory. The result shows that the informants felt that the relatives were an important part of the client's context, which could have an effect on the treatment-result. Research findings indicate that social support is an important component for successful treatment, while also being backed by evidence-based research. The result shows an explicit pattern: That having access to relatives was considered an asset, The relatives were excluded from the work with the client, That the relatives were clientified. The relatives could be an asset to the client, especially when the client returns home from treatment while the social workers exclude the relatives from the client’s treatment process. If the relatives initiated contact with the social workers, the focus turned to the relative’s needs, thus leading to clientification. The social workers were found in the analysis to act out two roles towards the relatives; one were they keep the same professional role that they have when meeting with the addicts, which clientifies the relatives; the second being a more personal role where they handle the relatives from a more humane perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
Addiction/ Abuse, Context, Treatment, EBP, Social support
Keyword [sv]
Missbruk, Kontext, Behandling, Evidensbaserad praktik, Socialt stöd
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-37832OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-37832DiVA: diva2:851019
Subject / course
Socialt arbete
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Social Work (210 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-09-23 Created: 2015-09-03 Last updated: 2015-09-23Bibliographically approved

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