A majority of Sweden’s population, about 80 %, lives in urban environments, and
a majority of them live in residential complexes with shared residential yards.
People spend a large part of their time in or around their home, which is why the
outside environment and the green space in the area play an important part in a
person’s well being. The green yard offers space for children’s activities,
recreation, solitude, relaxation and gardening and gives the opportunity to learn
and understand nature and its processes.
The green yard also constitutes a part of the city’s factual green structure, informal
green spaces that are not owned by the city and are therefore not included in the
formal planning processes. The green residential yards also provide a number of
ecosystem services such as climate regulation, purification of water and air and
rainwater infiltration, all of which are of importance in the fight against climate
The goal of this thesis has been to present the advantages an improved planning
and maintenance of the urban green space and the residential yard in particular
can offer. A number of important properties and functions that affect a yard’s
functionality and how it is perceived are also presented and explained.
The paper also aims to offer a better understanding of the garden’s role in
improving the social conditions in the neighbourhood, and of the importance of
involving the residents in planning and maintaining the green spaces. A number of
case studies and analyses offer a more concrete perspective on the real world
situations, and of successful refurbishment projects. Involving the residents in the
formal planning and building processes has been proved to have positive effects
on revitalising areas such as Gårdsten in Göteborg. Tenant involvement in open
space management can lead to a positive spiral where people start caring for and
identifying themselves with their neighbourhood, which can reduce the degree of
stigmatisation and marginalisation.
2014. , 90 p.
Ekosystemtjänster, utemiljö, delaktighet, social hållbarhet, ekologisk hållbarhet