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Exploring the influence of context in a community-based facilitation intervention focusing on neonatal health and survival in Vietnam: a qualitative study
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
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2015 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, no 15, 814Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


In the Neonatal health – Knowledge into Practice (NeoKIP) trial in Vietnam, local stakeholder groups, supported by trained laywomen acting as facilitators, promoted knowledge translation (KT) resulting in decreased neonatal mortality. In general, as well as in the community-based NeoKIP trial, there is a need to further understand how context influences KT interventions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, the objective of this study was to explore the influence of context on the facilitation process in the NeoKIP intervention.


A secondary content analysis was performed on 16 Focus Group Discussions with facilitators and participants of the stakeholder groups, applying an inductive approach to the content on context through naïve understanding and structured analysis.


The three main-categories of context found to influence the facilitation process in the NeoKIP intervention were: (1) Support and collaboration of local authorities and other communal stakeholders; (2) Incentives to, and motivation of, participants; and (3) Low health care coverage and utilization. In particular, the role of local authorities in a KT intervention was recognized as important. Also, while project participants expected financial incentives, non-financial benefits such as individual learning were considered to balance the lack of reimbursement in the NeoKIP intervention. Further, project participants recognized the need to acknowledge the needs of disadvantaged groups.


This study provides insight for further understanding of the influence of contextual aspects to improve effects of a KT intervention in Vietnam. We suggest that future KT interventions should apply strategies to improve local authorities’ engagement, to identify and communicate non-financial incentives, and to make disadvantaged groups a priority. Further studies to evaluate the contextual aspects in KT interventions in LMICs are also needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. no 15, 814
National Category
Research subject
Health and Welfare
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-19071DOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-2142-2ISI: 000359836700002PubMedID: 26297314OAI: diva2:848745
Available from: 2015-08-26 Created: 2015-08-21 Last updated: 2016-05-30Bibliographically approved

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Wallin, LarsEldh, Ann Catrine
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