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Energy Democracy: A case study of energy generation in Växjö
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The energy transition towards a renewable energy based society and a sustainable development, is an urgent shifting process in the light of climate change and environmental pollution. However, few fossil fuel based corporations are controlling energy systems, generating most of the energy society consumes. In response to this, the idea of democratizing energy has been gaining importance. Publicly owned energy, democratic participation and decentralization of energy generation are ideas that “energy democracy” stands for. The main aim of this study was to determine if and how the combined heat and power (CHP) plant in Växjö, Sweden, is related to energy democracy. The energy plant is owned by the municipality of Växjö and runs on biomass provided by the forestry industry. Eight interviews were conducted with stakeholders from the municipality of Växjö, the energy company and civil society.This research revealed that energy democracy is taking place in the case study, which provides several benefits. Nevertheless, some impacts were found that would require further research. Regarding ecological concerns, it was revealed that the forestry activity in the Kronoberg Region providing the biomass to the CHP plant is not as sustainable as it might seem. This might have an important effect on the sustainability of the energy generation.The study concludes that one of the main drivers for the democratization of energy in Växjö is the strong local governance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 44 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 271
Keyword [en]
Sustainable Development, Energy democracy, municipality of Växjö, climate change, decentralization, local governance
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-260761OAI: diva2:848378
Educational program
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
2015-08-12, Hamberg, Geocentrum, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 12:30 (English)
Available from: 2015-08-25 Created: 2015-08-24 Last updated: 2015-08-25Bibliographically approved

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