Quality of life among immigrants in Swedish immigration detention centres: a cross-sectional questionnaire study
2015 (English)In: Global health action, ISSN 1654-9880, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 8, 28321Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Detention of immigrants negatively affects their health and well-being. Quality of life (QOL) is a broad concept incorporating the self-evaluation of one's own health and well-being that can provide an understanding of the health and well-being of immigrant detainees. The aim of this study was to estimate QOL among immigrant detainees in Sweden and to assess its relationship with the services provided in detention centres and with the duration of detention. Design: All immigrants in all five existing Swedish detention centres (N = 193) were invited to participate in the study (n = 127). In this cross-sectional study, QOL was measured using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, which was administered by the first author. The questionnaire contained four additional questions measuring participants' satisfaction with the services provided in detention. Associations between QOL domain scores and service satisfaction scores were assessed using regression analysis. The Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was calculated to measure the degree of association between the duration of detention and QOL scores. Results: The mean QOL domain scores (out of 100) were 47.0, 57.5, 41.9, and 60.5 for the environmental, physical, psychological, and social domains, respectively. The level of support detainees received from detention staff was significantly positively associated with detainees' physical (beta adjusted 3.93, confidence interval [CI] 0.06-7.80) and psychological (beta(adjusted) 5.72, CI 1.77-9.66) domain scores. There was also significant positive association between detainees' satisfaction with the care they received from detention staff and the domain scores. The general health score in the WHOQOL-BREF was significantly associated with the detainees' ability to understand the Swedish or English languages. Although not statistically significant, a longer duration of detention was negatively correlated with QOL scores. Conclusion: Immigrant detainees report low QOL. Services provided at the centres, especially the support received from detention staff, is positively associated with their QOL. A review of detention guidelines addressing language barriers, staff training, and duration of detention is highly recommended.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 8, 28321
quality of life, QOL, immigration detention, immigrant detainee, refused asylum seekers, Sweden
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-260739DOI: 10.3402/gha.v8.28321ISI: 000358181000001PubMedID: 26193898OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-260739DiVA: diva2:848344