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Motivera till lärande och kunskapsutveckling i grundsärskolan: Några lärare beskriver sitt motivationsarbete
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Motivating to learning and knowledge development in Grundsärskolan : Some teachers describe their work in motivating students (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur några lärare i grundsärskolans senare årskurser beskriver att de arbetar för att motivera sina elever till lärande och kunskapsutveckling.

Studien baseras på fem, enskilda, strukturerade forskningsintervjuer med öppna frågor med lärare som arbetar i grundsärskolans senare årskurser, både inriktning träningsskola och grundsärskola. Resultatet analyseras med hjälp av Vygotskijs sociokulturella teoretiska perspektiv där motivation, lärande och kunskapsutveckling främst skapas i ett sammanhang, i samspel med andra människor, och i miljön runt omkring.

Resultatet visar att samtliga lärare som deltog anser att arbetet med att motivera eleverna till lärande och kunskapsutveckling är viktigt men inte helt enkelt. De menar att undervisningen måste utgå från elevernas erfarenheter och intressen för att eleverna ska känna sig motiverade. Även tydlighet, lust och goda relationer nämns som viktiga faktorer i motivationsarbetet.

Min studie visar att lärare i grundsärskolan menar att de kan påverka elevernas motivation till lärande och kunskapsutveckling genom att aktivt använda sig av olika motiverande strategier. Studien visar också att de motivationsfaktorer som forskningen lyfter fram utifrån elever i grundskolan stämmer väl överens med elever i grundsärskolan. Dessutom menar lärarna att motivationsarbetet kan vara viktigare och ha en större betydelse för dessa elever.

Genom att ta tillvara den erfarenhet och kunskap som lärarna jag intervjuat delat med sig av är min förhoppning att andra kan ta till sig dessa strategier och på så sätt öka motivationen hos de elever de möter.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to explore how some teachers who taught students in grade 6-9 in schools for students with intellectual disabilities describe their work to motivate their students in their learning process and knowledge development.

The study is based on five individual, structured research interviews with open questions with teachers working with students with mild, moderate and severe intellectual disabilities in grades 6-9. The results are analyzed by Vygotskys socio-cultural theoretical perspective where motivation, learning and knowledge are mainly created in a context of interaction with other people and the environmental setting.

The result shows that all participating teachers believe that efforts to motivate students in their learning process and knowledge development are important but it is easier said than done. They argue that teaching must be based on students' experiences and interests to make students feel motivated. Even clarity, desire and good relations mentioned as important factors in the motivational process.

My study shows that teachers in schools for students with intellectual disabilities believe that they can affect students' motivation in their learning process and knowledge development by actively using different motivational strategies. The study also shows that the motivation factors the research emphasize on the basis of elementary school students correspond well with students in schools for students with intellectual disabilities. Further, the teachers believe that work of motivation can be more important and have a greater importance for these students.

By taking advantage of the experience and knowledge of what the teachers shared in their interviews, my hope is that others will be able to embrace these strategies and thus increase the motivation of the students they meet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Motivation, learning, knowledge development, special school, developmental disabilities
Keyword [sv]
Motivation, lärande, kunskapsutveckling, grundsärskola, utvecklingsstörning
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-37572OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-37572DiVA: diva2:847017
Subject / course
Special Education
Educational program
Special Teacher Education Programme: Mental and Intellectual challenges (90 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-08-19 Created: 2015-08-18 Last updated: 2015-08-19Bibliographically approved

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