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Frequency and pattern of Skin Disorders in Adolescentsin a School of Kathmandu
Department of Dermatology, Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Anandaban Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal.
National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Consultant Dermatologist, Kathmandu, Nepal.
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Institute of Medicine, ISSN 1993-2979, Vol. 37, no 1, 21-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Skin disorders are one of the major causes of morbidity in Nepal. The objectives of this study are to determine the relative frequency and pattern of skin disordersin a cohort of adolescents 9-18 years of age.

Methods: The study was conducted in a residential school of Kathmandu. A detailedinformation about the study was given to the student members of a school club and they inturn, informed all the other students of the dermatologic health camp, which was conductedsubsequently. All students appearing at the camp were examined by a dermatologist andinformation regarding age, gender, school grade and diagnosis were recorded in a prevalidatedformat.

Results: In the school there were a total of 950 students (627 m, 323 f). Of them 242 (116 m,126 f) had skin disorder with a point prevalence of 25.5%. Female students had significantlyhigher prevalence (29%) than male (18.5%). The most common skin disorders were acne,eczemas and urticaria, and the 10 most frequent diagnoses comprised 87% of all skinconditions.Conclusion: This study demonstrates that 1/4 of the students had one or more identifiableskin disorders. Despite the wide range of dermatoses, only a few of them accounted for amajor proportion of the skin disorders. This study provides data for targeting health careprograms for prevention and treatment of skin disorders in this age group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 37, no 1, 21-25 p.
Keyword [en]
Skin disorders, adolescents, frequency, pattern
National Category
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases Psychiatry
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120543OAI: diva2:846092
Available from: 2015-08-14 Created: 2015-08-14 Last updated: 2015-09-11Bibliographically approved

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Shrestha, D.P.Baral, S.Shrestha, R.Gupta, S.Bhattarai, S.Shrestha, S.Rosdahl, Inger
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Division of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Dermatology and Venerology
Dermatology and Venereal DiseasesPsychiatry

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