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Increasing Forest Yield in Northern Europe: Countrywide Estimates and Economic Perspectives
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. European Forest Institute, North European Regional Office, SLU, S-901 83 Umeå, Sweden; Dept. of Forest Economics, SLU, S-901 83 Umeå, Sweden.
Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), P.O. Box 18 (Jokiniemenkuja 1), FI-01301 Vantaa, Finland.
Dept. of Forest Economics, SLU, S-901 83 Umeå, Sweden; European Forest Institute, North European Regional Office, SLU, S-901 83 Umeå, Sweden.
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Woody biomass is the largest source of renewable energy in Europe and the expected increase in demand for wood was the stimulus for writing this paper. We discuss the economic effects of biophysical capacity limits in forest yield from a partial equilibrium perspective. Opportunities to increase the supply of forest biomass in the short- and long-term are discussed, as well as environmental side effects of intensive forest management. Focusing on northern Europe, national estimates of potential annual fellings and the corresponding potential amounts, simulated by the European Forest Information Scenario model (the EFISCEN model) are then presented, as well as reported fellings. For the region as a whole, there seems to be substantial unused biophysical potential, although recent data from some countries indicate underestimated annual felling rates. There is a need to discuss strategies to ensure that demand for wood resources in northern Europe can be accommodated without large price increases. However, using a larger proportion of the biophysical potential in northern Europe than at present will entail trade-offs with environmental and social values, which means that strategies are needed to protect and account for all the benefits of all forms of ecosystem services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå University; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences , 2015. , 30 p.
, CERE Working Paper, 2015:5
Keyword [en]
Forest biomass, biophysical capacity, intensive forest management, European Forest Institute
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106874OAI: diva2:845381
Available from: 2015-08-11 Created: 2015-08-11 Last updated: 2015-08-27Bibliographically approved

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