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Three dimensional groundwater modeling in Laxemar-Simepevarp guaternary deposits.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Groundwater is one of the main sources of drinking water in Sweden. Groundwater fluctuations and the detection of flow direction is of significant environmental importance especially when there is a risk for transport of contaminations. The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) has done detailed geotechnical investigations at two potential sites for a final nuclear waste deposition. This report presents the results from groundwater modeling in quaternary deposits in one of these sites.

A steady state three dimensional groundwater model was developed for a 71 km2 large area in the Laxemar-Simpevarp, 320 km south of Stockholm close to the nuclear power plant Simpevarp. For this purpose, the Groundwater Modelling System (GMS) was used. The model uses finite difference method to solve the partial differential equation for the water movement with constant density through porous medium. The main objectives were to predict the groundwater heads and the flow directions, and to study the water balance. A conceptual model approach was used by creating five heterogynous soil and rock layers. GIS (Geographic Information System) was used to create top and bottom elevation of the layers by interpolating the GIS data. The model was calibrated using observation data in groundwater monitoring wells and the optimum values for recharge and hydraulic values were found. The numerical simulation was done for two different grid sizes (511×316 m2 and 255×158 m2) referred to coarse and fine grid model respectively.

Results from the multilayer model showed flow towards the sea and in the quaternary deposits but not in high elevated rocks. The water balance in the multilayer model was satisfied in both grid sizes. The 3D groundwater model GMS was successfully applied to the large Laxemar-Simpevarp region. The choice of grid size was studied and better agreements between observed and simulated groundwater heads were found in the finer grid model. Large simulation errors in some of the observation wells can indicate GMS model’s weakness in modelling thin soil layers and large variance in topography.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
, TRITA-LWR Degree Project, ISSN 1651-064X ; 2013:36
Keyword [en]
Groundwater, Modelling, GMS, MODFLOW, Quaternary deposits
National Category
Civil Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-171841OAI: diva2:844687
Educational program
Degree of Master - Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Infrastructure
Available from: 2015-09-21 Created: 2015-08-07 Last updated: 2015-09-21Bibliographically approved

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