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Kompartmentsyndrom: operationssjuksköterskans förebyggande omvårdnad
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Compartment syndrome : operating room nurse’s preventive care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Omvårdnad är operationssjuksköterskans huvudområde. Operationssjuksköterskan ska förebygga skador och komplikationer som kan uppstå vid en operation. En sådan komplikation kan vara kompartmentsyndrom. Kompartmentsyndrom är en ovanlig komplikation men kan leda till allvarliga skador. Det är därför viktigt att operationssjuksköterskan beaktar det i sitt arbete. Syfte: Detta arbete syftar till att belysa operationssjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att arbeta med att förebygga kompartmentsyndrom i den perioperativa omvårdnaden. Metod: En kvalitativ ansats tillämpades och data samlades in via intervjuer. Insamlade data analyserades genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys. I arbetet deltog 11 operationssjuksköterskor, tio kvinnor och en man, som arbetade på fyra olika operationsavdelningar vid två olika sjukhus. Resultat: I den kvalitativa innehållsanalysen av texten framkom två kategorier, Att arbeta förebyggande samt Att handla på osäker grund. I den förstnämnda kategorin beskrevs hur operationssjuksköterskorna genomförde en individuell riskbedömning, var noggranna i positioneringen och utförde lägesändring samt massage av patientens ben för att förebygga kompartmentsyndrom. I den andra kategorin, Att handla på osäker grund, beskrevs en osäkerhet i den perioperativa omvårdnaden kring kompartmentsyndrom. Det belystes en osäkerhet runt ämnet, omvårdnadsinterventionerna ifrågasattes och en brist på vetenskaplig evidens framkom. Konklusion: Det fanns brister i riktlinjer och rutiner gällande omvårdnad kring kompartmentsyndrom. Det fanns även en brist i att implementera ny kunskap i operationssjuksköterskans omvårdnad för att kunna arbeta evidensbaserat.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Nursing is the main area for the operating room (OR) nurse. The OR nurse will prevent injuries and complications that can occur during surgery. One such complication can be compartment syndrome. Compartment syndrome is a rare complication but can lead to serious injuries. It is therefore important that the OR nurse take this in consideration in their work. Aim: This essay aims to highlight the OR nurse's experiences of working with the prevention of compartment syndrome in the perioperative nursing. Method: A qualitative approach was applied and the data were collected through interviews. Collected data were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. The essay enrolled 11 OR nurses, ten women and one man, who worked in four different surgical wards at two different hospitals. Result: After a qualitative content analysis of the data were conducted two categories emerged, Preventive work and To act on uncertain foundations. The first category described how the OR nurse undertook an individual risk assessment, was accurate in positioning and performed a change in position and massage of the patient’s leg to prevent compartment syndrome. The second category, To act on uncertain foundations, described an uncertainty in the perioperative care regarding compartment syndrome. It highlighted an uncertainty around the topic, nursing interventions were questioned and a lack of scientific evidence emerged. Conclusion: There were a lack of guidelines and recommendations regarding care about compartment syndrome. There was also a lack of implementing new knowledge in nursing to provide an evidence-based practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , p. 21
Keyword [en]
Compartment syndrome, operating room nurse, nursing intervention, evidence-based
Keyword [sv]
Kompartmentsyndrom, operationssjuksköterska, omvårdnadsintervention, evidensbaserad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-37286OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-37286DiVA, id: diva2:844411
Subject / course
Nursing Science
Educational program
Specialist Nursing -Theatre Care (60 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-11-30 Created: 2015-08-05 Last updated: 2015-11-30Bibliographically approved

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