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Students' Absenteeism in Afghan Schools: Parents' and teachers' views about the causes of students' absenteeism and strategies used to tackle absenteeism in higher secondary classes of Kabul city schools
Karlstad University.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Students' absenteeism is high in Afghanistan. There are various reasons associated with boy and girl students' absenteeism. This research is conducted to collect the views of parents and teachers about reasons of boy and girl students' absenteeism in higher secondary classes of Kabul city schools; it also explores the various strategies used by parents and teachers to improve students' attendance. Data was collected through a questionnaire in 10 schools. 83% teachers and 95% parents replied to the questions, the collected data was then categorized and presented for schools, parents, teachers, girls and boys. Absenteeism more likely affects academic achievements of students, causes disintegration from school life and drop out from school in severe cases. 

Findings of the study show that there are various financial, environmental, cultural and family related factors that hinder students' attendance, but girl students' attendance is particularly affected by cultural and family related reasons while boy students' attendance is affected by lack of motivation, bullying and weak school regulations. Despite higher absenteeism, it is good indication that parents and teachers have taken up some strategies to reduce students' absenteeism. Educated parents are more tolerant and supportive of their girls' education and likewise qualified teacher deal more professionally on tackling students' absenteeism. Government has established parents' shuras (councils) in schools but a robust coordination and support system needs to be established among Government, parents and teachers to improve both girl and boy students' attendance in schools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Category
Educational Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-37179OAI: diva2:843266
Subject / course
Applied Pedagogy
Educational program
Master of Education and Didactics (60/120 credits)
Available from: 2015-07-28 Created: 2015-07-28 Last updated: 2015-07-28Bibliographically approved

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