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Samband mellan tandvårdsrädsla och temperament- vilken betydelse har kön och utländsk bakgrund?: En tvärsnittsstudie på ungdomar i nionde klass i Jönköpings kommun
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Association between dental fear and temperament- does sex or foreign origin have an impact? : A cross-sectional study of youths in the ninth grade in Jönköping (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

 

Bakgrund: Tandvårdsrädsla är ett vanligt förekommande problem i tandvården vilket kan bidra till en sämre oral hälsa. Tidigare forskning visar vissa samband mellan tandvårdsrädsla och olika temperament men de mest signifikanta resultaten varierar. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka samband mellan tandvårdsrädsla och temperament hos ungdomar i nionde klass. Metod: Studien är en tvärsnittsstudie baserad på ett stratifierat urval av ungdomar i nionde klass. Två validerade enkäter innehållande självrapporterade frågor om tandvårdsrädsla och temperament delades ut till ungdomarna i klassrummen och samlades in vid samma tillfälle. Resultat: Totalt 111 deltog, 3 % av ungdomarna konstaterades vara tandvårdsrädda. Signifikanta samband sågs mellan blyghet och DFS-poäng. Kvinnorna hade signifikant högre medelvärde av DFS-poäng och emotionalitet jämfört med männen. Männen hade signifikant högre medelvärde i aktivitet. Inga signifikanta samband fanns mellan tandvårdsrädsla och utländsk- eller svensk bakgrund. Ungdomarna med svensk bakgrund hade högre medelvärde i temperamentet sällskaplighet jämfört med ungdomarna med utländsk bakgrund. Slutsats: Prevalensen av konstaterad tandvårdsrädsla var 3 % hos ungdomarna. Kvinnorna hade högre grad av DFS-poäng och emotionalitet. Männen rapporterade högre grad av aktivitet. Ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund hade en lägre grad av sällskaplighet. Ett signifikant samband fanns mellan DFS-poäng och temperamentet blyghet.

Abstract [en]

Summary

 

Associations between dental fear and temperament - does sex or foreign origin have an impact? A cross-sectional study of youths in the ninth grade in Jönköping.

 

Background: Dental fear is a common problem in dental care which can contribute to a poor oral health. Previous research shows certain correlations between dental fear and temperaments but varies. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between dental fear and temperament of youths in ninth grade. Method: The study is a cross-sectional study based on a stratified sample of youths in ninth grade. Two validated questionnaires containing self-reported questions about dental fear and temperament was distributed. Results: A total of 3 % was found to have dental fear. Significant correlation between DFS scores and shyness were observed. Women had significantly higher mean in DFS scores and emotionality, compared to men. Males had significantly higher mean in the temperament activity. No significant associations were found between dental fear and foreign or Swedish background. Youths with a Swedish background had higher mean in sociability. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental fear was 3 % of the young people. The women had a higher score of DFS and emotionality. The men reported higher degree of activity. Young people with foreign background had a lower degree of sociability. A significant association was found between DFS scores and shyness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , p. 20
Keyword [sv]
kön, personlighet, rädsla, tandvård, ungdomar
National Category
Other Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-27609ISRN: JU-HHJ-OHA-1-20150010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-27609DiVA, id: diva2:842018
Subject / course
HHJ, Oral Health Science
Available from: 2015-08-13 Created: 2015-07-16 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved

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