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Declining incidence trends for hip fractures have not been accompanied by improvements in lifetime risk or post-fracture survival: A nationwide study of the Swedish population 60 years and older
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Orthopaedics.
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2015 (English)In: Bone, ISSN 8756-3282, E-ISSN 1873-2763, Vol. 78, 55-61 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Hip fracture is a common cause of disability and mortality among the elderly. Declining incidence trends have been observed in Sweden. Still, this condition remains a significant public health problem since Sweden has one of the highest incidences worldwide. Yet, no Swedish lifetime risk or survival trends have been presented. By examining how hip fracture incidence, post-fracture survival, as well as lifetime risk have developed between 1995 and 2010 in Sweden, this study aims to establish how the burden hip fractures pose on the elderly changed over time, in order to inform initiatives for improvements of their health. Material and Methods: The entire Swedish population 60 years-old and above was followed between 1987 and 2010 in the National Patient Register and the Cause of Death Register. Annual age-specific hip fracture cumulative incidence was estimated using hospital admissions for hip fractures. Three-month and one-year survival after the first hip fracture were also estimated. Period life table was used to assess lifetime risk of hip fractures occuring from age 60 and above, and the expected mean age of the first hip fracture. Results: The age-specific hip fracture incidence decreased between 1995 and 2010 in all ages up to 94 years, on average by 1% per year. The lifetime risk remained almost stable, between 9% and 11% for men, and between 18% and 20% for women. The expected mean age of a first hip fracture increased by 2.5 years for men and by 2.2 years for women. No improvements over time were observed for the 3-month survival for men, while for women a 1% decrease per year was observed. The 1-year survival slightly increased over time for men (0.4% per year) while no improvement was observed for women. Conclusions: The age-specific hip fracture incidence has decreased overtime. Yet the lifetime risk of a hip fracture has not decreased because life expectancy in the population has increased in parallel. Overall, survival after hip fracture has not improved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 78, 55-61 p.
Keyword [en]
Hip fracture, Incidence, Mortality, Survival, Case-fatality, Lifetime risk
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-258311DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2015.04.032ISI: 000356562000008PubMedID: 25933944OAI: diva2:841915
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2011-0843
Available from: 2015-07-15 Created: 2015-07-13 Last updated: 2015-07-15Bibliographically approved

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