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Characterization of three Mycobacterium spp. with potential use in bioremediation by genome sequencing and comparative genomics
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Chemical Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Chemical Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Chemical Biology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Chemical Biology.
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2015 (English)In: Genome Biology and Evolution, ISSN 1759-6653, E-ISSN 1759-6653, Vol. 7, no 7, 1871-1886 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We provide the genome sequences of the type strains of the polychlorophenol-degrading Mycobacterium chlorophenolicum (DSM43826), the degrader of chlorinated aliphatics Mycobacterium chubuense (DSM44219) and Mycobacterium obuense (DSM44075) that has been tested for use in cancer immunotherapy. The genome sizes of M. chlorophenolicum, M. chubuense and M. obuense are 6.93, 5.95 and 5.58 Mbps with GC-contents of 68.4, 69.2 and 67.9%, respectively. Comparative genomic analysis revealed that 3254 genes are common and we predicted approximately 250 genes acquired through horizontal gene transfer from different sources including proteobacteria. The data also showed that the biodegrading Mycobacterium spp. NBB4, also referred to as M. chubuense NBB4, is distantly related to the M. chubuense type strain and should be considered as a separate species, we suggest it to be named M. ethylenense NBB4. Among different categories we identified genes with potential roles in: biodegradation of aromatic compounds, and copper homeostasis. These are the first non-pathogenic Mycobacterium spp. found harboring genes involved in copper homeostasis. These findings would therefore provide insight into the role of this group of Mycobacterium spp. in bioremediation as well as the evolution of copper homeostasis within the Mycobacterium genus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 7, no 7, 1871-1886 p.
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Bioremediation
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-257688DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evv111ISI: 000358800500003PubMedID: 26079817OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-257688DiVA: diva2:840232
Available from: 2015-07-07 Created: 2015-07-07 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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