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Magnetism och friktion i förskolan: Femåringar utforskar fysikaliska fenomen tillsammans med Tiggy testar
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 210 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Magnetism and friction in preschool : Five year olds explores physical phenomena with Tiggy test (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to increase knowledge how preschool children act to explore and managing scientific phenomena. The phenomenon´s that was chosen for this study is magnetism and friction, the study was conducted through qualiative semi-structured interviews in group. By interviewing the children while the experiments were carried out their thoughts and reflections about the chosen phenomena made visible. To deepen the children´s learning in a pleasurable and inspiring way Information and Communication Technology (ICT) was intergraded, with help of a computer where the children got to watch the education program Tiggy test.

By the children's act during the experiments you can see that the children follow a certain pattern when they explore and manage scientific phenomena. The children exploratory go through three different phases the "experience phase", the "study phase" and the "reflection phase". The phases build on each other and for the children to reach the final "reflection phase" they need support from the teacher (Fischer and Leicht Madsen, 2004). Furthermore the result indicates that children have ability to reflect, discuss and develop hypotheses in science.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med min studie är att få ökad kunskap om hur förskolebarn agerar för att utforska och hantera naturvetenskapliga fenomen. I studien valdes de fysikaliska fenomenen magnetism och friktion att utforskas, metoden som användes var semistrukturerade gruppintervjuer. Genom att intervjua barnen samtidigt som barnen genomförde experiment synliggjordes barnens tankar och reflektioner om de utvalda fenomenen. För att fördjupa barnens lärande på ett lustfyllt och inspirerande sätt integrerades informations-och kommunikationsteknik (IKT), med hjälp av en dator fick barnen titta på utbildningsprogrammet Tiggy testar.

Genom barnens agerande under experimenten kan man se att barnen följer ett visst mönster när de utforskar och hanterar naturvetenskapliga fenomen. Barnens utforskande genomgår olika faser, upplevelse-upptäckarfasen, undersökningsfasen och reflektionsfasen, faserna bygger på varandra och för att barnen ska nå den slutliga reflektionsfasen behövs stöd från pedagogen (Fischer & Leicht Madsen, 2004). Vidare visar resultatet att barnen har en förmåga att reflektera, resonera och utveckla hypoteser inom naturvetenskapliga ämnen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
Magnetism, friction, physics in preschool, science in preschool, ICT in preschool
Keyword [sv]
Magnetism, friktion, fysik i förskolan, naturvetenskap i förskolan, IKT i förskolan
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-37063OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-37063DiVA: diva2:839714
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-08-03 Created: 2015-07-04 Last updated: 2015-08-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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