Punktmolnshantering i anläggningsprojekt: Utvärdering av programvaror för framtagande av markmodell
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Point cloud management in civil engineering projects : Evaluation of software for the development of land model (English)
An increased number of participants in the construction industry is asking for accompanying terrain models to the project in order to get a better understanding of the field. When the desire to create buildings that fit together nicely with the surrounding area is increasing, it becomes more and more important to have a broad base of knowledge about the ground on which the building is to be erected. Terrain models are also very useful in the planning of logistics, documentation for landscape architecture projects, and billings for mass calculations.Surveys for creating terrain models can be performed with laser scanning. The advantage of laser scanning is the time-effective surveying, the detailed information as well as the ability of application in complex environments resulting in a cost-efficient project. With this in mind our thesis was defined in collaboration with the company Bjerking AB in Uppsala in order to investigate if there were any softwares suitable for terrain modeling. The idea was created by the company after a previous existing thesis about modeling of buildings from point clouds.The purpose of this study is to examine the possibility of filtering a point cloud and generating of terrain model by surveying with terrestrial laser scanning. The study was conducted in the form of a comparison between six different softwares and the ability to filter noise, and then create a model of the filtered data. The softwares has also been compared between several rate points. In this thesis, a chosen lane at Studenternas idrottsplats, located in central Uppsala, has been scanned containing noise such as cars, light towers, containers, etc. The scanned area resulted in a point cloud and has later on been used in the comparison of software. All six softwares investigated have got different focuses within the field of use of land and construction.The study has shown that the results between the softwares differ significantly. From manual methods to fully automatical, these softwares have been proving their own abilities to perform more or less successful calculations for selecting points and building terrain models. Our terrain models show that all softwares are capable of creating flat surfaces with equal heights, but only a few succeeded in generating slopes. The study also show that a more expensive software does not always guarantee a better result.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 59 p.
terrester laserskanning, TLS, mark, anläggning, programvara, punktmoln, filtrering, terrängmodell
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-257385ISRN: UTH-INGUTB-EX-B-2015/21-SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-257385DiVA: diva2:839123
Bachelor Programme in Construction Engineering
Öhman, CarolineBjurhager, Ingela