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Internal validity of the Swedish Maternal Health Care Register
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
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2014 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 14, 364Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The Swedish Maternal Health Care Register (MHCR) is a national quality register that has been collecting pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum data since 1999. A substantial revision of the MHCR resulted in a Web-based version of the register in 2010. Although MHCR provides data for health care services and research, the validity of the MHCR data has not been evaluated. This study investigated degree of coverage and internal validity of specific variables in the MHCR and identified possible systematic errors.

Methods: This cross-sectional observational study compared pregnancy and delivery data in medical records with corresponding data in the MHCR. The medical record was considered the gold standard. The medical records from nine Swedish hospitals were selected for data extraction. This study compared data from 878 women registered in both medical records and in the MHCR. To evaluate the quality of the initial data extraction, a second data extraction of 150 medical records was performed. Statistical analyses were performed for degree of coverage, agreement and correlation of data, and sensitivity and specificity.

Results: Degree of coverage of specified variables in the MHCR varied from 90.0% to 100%. Identical information in both medical records and the MHCR ranged from 71.4% to 99.7%. For more than half of the investigated variables, 95% or more of the information was identical. Sensitivity and specificity were analysed for binary variables. Probable systematic errors were identified for two variables.

Conclusions: When comparing data from medical records and data registered in the MHCR, most variables in the MHCR demonstrated good to very good degree of coverage, agreement, and internal validity. Hence, data from the MHCR may be regarded as reliable for research as well as for evaluating, planning, and decision-making with respect to Swedish maternal health care services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 14, 364
Keyword [en]
Validity, Degree of coverage, National quality register, Medical records, Pregnancy outcomes, Antenatal care
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Welfare
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-18626DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-14-364ISI: 000341038200001PubMedID: 25175811OAI: diva2:838713
Available from: 2015-07-01 Created: 2015-06-29 Last updated: 2016-05-31Bibliographically approved

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Persson, Margareta
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