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Environmental Considerations in Childhood Obesity Prevention. Which factors facilitate success?
Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Health Science.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: The rapidly rising prevalence of childhood on a global scale is closely linked to changes in the environment. Childhood obesity is ranged as one of the most serious challenges to public health in the 21st century. Community-based interventions that pay explicit attention to environmental factors appear most likely to bring success. Aim: The aim of the review is to identify environmental factors that impact success in community-based childhood obesity prevention interventions. Method: Ten articles were selected for review through a systematic search with a pre-defined search strategy. A systematic literature review with a qualitative approach and a qualitative manifest content analysis was conducted. Result: The analysis enabled the definition of three categories and eleven sub-categories related to environment. The three main categories are: built environment, food environment and social environment. The social environment is most frequently and most extensively considered; this is followed by the food environment and, lastly, the built environment. Conclusion: This review contributes to the emerging literature on feasibility and applicability of intervention components that consider environmental changes. It also demonstrates that there is an urgent need for further documentation; policy makers need evidence-based data in order to mobilize support and justify funding for public health efforts to prevent childhood obesity. Although a single determinant of success cannot be identified, the analysis shows that community participation and capacity building contribute to the sustainability of interventions and, hence also, to chances of success.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 45 p.
Keyword [en]
Childhood, environment, obesity, prevention
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-4733Local ID: oai:bth.se:arkivex29CB4FC43F6BFF8FC1257B940038C67FOAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-4733DiVA: diva2:832081
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Note
Tel Nr. 00971 50 936 25 26Available from: 2015-04-22 Created: 2013-06-24 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved

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