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Stöd för närstående till stroke-drabbade personer i det egna hemmet: en meta-etnografisk studie
Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Health Science.
2012 (Swedish)Student thesisAlternative title
Support for carers of people affected by stroke in their own homes : A meta-ethnography. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Varje år drabbas 25 000-30 000 personer av stroke i Sverige. Insjuknandet i stroke sker ofta plötsligt, vilket leder till att närstående ofta står till viss del oförberedda inför det nya livet som väntar som anhörigvårdare och närstående. Sjukdomar såsom stroke vars insjuknande sker hastigt och där efterförloppet och rehabiliteringsprocessen involverar närstående finns inte väl beskrivet i litteraturen, till skillnad från till exempel andra sjukdomar med långsammare insjuknande bild. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att genomföra en syntes av kunskap om stöd till närstående till stroke-drabbade personer i hemmet. Samt bedöma den metodologiska kvaliteten på de inkluderade studierna. Metod: Analysen genomfördes med ansatsen meta-etnografi och analysförfarandet utfördes med hjälp av Noblit och Hare´s (1988) meta-etnografi. Resultat: Närstående till stroke-drabbade personer är ibland oförberedda på hur de ska hantera sin vardag när den stroke-drabbade personen skrivs ut från sjukhus och kommer hem i det egna hemmet, dem upplever ibland brist på stöd från sin omgivning. I resultat framkom fyra teman, stöd i det sociala livet, stöd för den egna hälsan, information och kunskap samt stöd från omvärlden. Slutsats: Det saknas ett professionellt skyddsnät för den närstående, vidare forskning som undersöker stöd till närstående i nära anslutning efter utskrivning från sjukhus till hemmet skulle vara värdefullt.

Abstract [en]

Background: 25 000- 30 000 people are afflicted of stroke each year. Incidence of the stroke often occurs suddenly, leaving the relatives unprepared to face their new life as carers for the stroke survivor. Diseases such as stroke whose onset occurs suddenly are not well described in the literature, unlike other diseases that has a slower onset. Aim, The aim of this study was to conduct a synthesis of the knowledge about support for informal carers of stroke survivors in their home environment and to evaluate the methodological quality of the studies included in the synthesis. Method: The analysis was conducted by using meta-ethnography described by Noblit & Hare´s (1988). Findings: Carers for individuals affected by stroke-are sometimes unprepared for how to deal with their everyday lives when the individual affected by stroke is discharged from hospital and returns home in their own homes, they sometimes experience a lack of support from the community. The results revealed four themes, support in social life, support for their own health, support from the outside world, information and knowledge. Conclusion: There is a lack of a professional safety net for the carers, further research that examines support for carers in close proximity after discharge from hospital to home would be valuable. Keywords: Stroke, stroke patients, caregiver support, professional family relations, support; psychosocial, social support, home nursing, family nursing, family, Qualitative studies, experience*,

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 40 p.
Keyword [sv]
Stroke, stroke, patients, caregiver, support, professional, family, relations, support, psychosocial, social, support, home, nursing, family, nursing, family, Qualitative, studies, experience
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-3204Local ID: oai:bth.se:arkivexEFF2CD52B53C5840C1257AE50055EE71OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-3204DiVA: diva2:830505
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-04-22 Created: 2012-12-31 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved

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