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The Performance Evaluation of OFDM Based WLAN (IEEE 802.11a and 802.11g)
Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Computing.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT In the past decade there has been a steady growth in development and implementation of wireless Local Area Networks and emerged as in the largest sectors of the telecommunication industry. Wireless local area network (WLANs) provides connectivity, mobility, and much higher performance and achievable data rate. WLAN is a new medium of access technology in the Local Area Network (LAN) world. Mostly WLAN applications are used in public sectors such as airports, banks, hotels, offices, city centres because of the flexibility of the people. Orthongonal Frequency Division Multiplexing OFDM has been adopted by IEEE 802.11’s standard as a transmission technique for high data rate in WLANs. Now IEEE 802.11 standard has been expanded to a family of WLAN standards. 802.11a and 802.11g both are used Orthongonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) but operate in different frequency bands. It is shown that 802.11a provides high speed throughout the entire coverage area and long term solution however it does not provide better solution in most cases as compared to IEEE 802.11g. Matlab Simulation model based on IEEE 802.11a/g using different modulation and demodulation techniques such as BPSK, QPSK and QAM to analysis the best performance of IEEE 802.11a/g with implementation of OFDM. Keywords: Orthongonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM), IEEE 802.11s family, Wireless Local Area Network, Simulation, MATLAB

Abstract [sv]

Summary The objective of this research is to examine the performance of the IEEE 802.11a and IEEE 802.11g WLAN comparing through OFDM modulation techniques. It is found that IEEE 802.11a/g provides similar quality except IEEE 802.11g provides wider range but range is the controversial topic in WLAN medium. In the other hand IEEE 802.11a provides more channels in 5 GHz bands as well as have a good enough signal qualities but there is range limitation factor. Range limitation in the enterprise and public sectors can be adjusting through installations more APs. The main disadvantage of the 802.11g is the frequency band is common and interference from the other networking technology such as Bluetooth, 2.04 GHz cordless phone and IEEE 802.11a avoid this interference because its operate in 5.GHz bands. Consequently, all the simulation is a comparison between simulated BER for a computer system and theoretical BER for serial systems it has been proved through simulation results that theoretical BER and simulated BER under AWGN are good agreement with each other. It means that I and Q points on constellation are much closer to each other the data error can be reduced as well as transmission easily influenced to noise. 64 QAM modulations are much better than 16 QAM when BER decrease SNR will be increase because signal is stronger than noise. 64 QAM modulations need higher bandwidth and give an excellent data rates as compared to 16 QAM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 48 p.
Keyword [en]
OFDM, IEEE 802.11a and IEEE 802.11g
National Category
Computer Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-3079Local ID: diva2:830377
Available from: 2015-04-22 Created: 2010-02-11 Last updated: 2015-06-30Bibliographically approved

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