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Kalkylmodellering: En studie om hur en kalkylmodell kan konstrueras för att göra ett lagerkostnadsindex användbart i företag med geografiskt spridda lager
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Modelling : A study on how a model can be developed in order to make a warehouse cost index useful in a company with geographically dispersed warehouses (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Globalisering har skapat ett ökat behov för företag att förbli konkurrenskraftiga. Att hantera kostnader effektivt blir allt viktigare i organisationer. Medutgångspunkt i ett fallföretag så har problem kring mätning och jämförbarhetmellan hanteringen av lagerkostnader i geografiskt spridda lager identifierats. I nuläget finns det ingen metod som jämför hur väl hanteringen av lagerkostnader görs i olika länder. De landspecifika egenskaperna skapar olikheter och för att åstadkomma en jämförbarhet så krävs anpassad ekonomistyrning.

Syfte: Syftet är att utveckla en kalkylmodell som möjliggör en homogen mätning för olika länders hantering av lagerkostnader. Detta ska kunna skapa en jämförbarhet mellan geografiskt spridda lager. Studien ska utveckla ett komplement till rådande beslutsunderlag som avser stödja en organisations beslutsprocess för lageroptimering.

Metod: Här motiveras vilka metodologiska val som gjorts under studiens gång. För att studien ska uppnå sitt syfte så har vi först utvärderat det befintliga styrmedlet för att sen genomföra modellutvecklingen i förhållande till uppställda kriterier för innehålls- och processegenskaper. Materialet för studien har samlats in via det multinationella företaget och genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med tre respondenter inom företaget. Avsnittet motiverar valet av teori och empiri som används och huruvida utvecklingen av modellen i analysdelen ska leda till studiens slutsats.

Slutsats: Organisationer har sedan tidigare använt prestationsmätningar för att genom ekonomistyrning kontrollera sina lagerkostnader. Den ökade globalisering har försvårat jämförbarheten givet landsspecifika variabler som påverkar kostnaderna. Genom en kalkylmodellering har ett lagerkostnadsindex utvecklats vilket representerar en standardiserad varukorg. Kapitalstrukturerna neutraliseras och en intern benchmarking möjliggör på så vis att samtliga lagerlokaler kan introduceras att hantera sina lagerkostnader på bästa sätt.

Abstract [en]

Background: Globalization has created a growing need for companies to remain competitive. It’s becoming more important to manage costs effectively in organizations. Based on a case company problems regarding measurement and comparability of management in warehouse costs between geographically dispersed countries has been identified. Currently there’s no method available for comparison of cost-efficiency of warehouse costs in different countries. The country-specific characteristics create differences. In order to achieve comparability adapted financial control is needed.

Purpose: The purpose is to develop a model that enables a homogeneous measurement for management of warehouse costs in different countries. With the intention to make possible comparability between geographically dispersed warehouses. The case study will develop a complement to the existing decision-making. With the aim to support the organization’s decision-making process for warehouse optimization.

Method: A motivation for methodological choices made during the study will be presented here. We have first evaluated the existing instrument and then implemented the model in relation to criteria for content- and process characteristics, in order to achieve the aims of the study. Material for the study was collected through the multinational company and by semi-structured interviews with three employees from the company. The section justifies the choice of theory and empirical content used. In the analysis a justification for whether the development of the model leads to the study’s conclusion.

Conclusion: Organizations have previously used performance measurements for their financial control of warehouse costs. The increased globalization has complicated the comparability due to country-specific variables that affect costs. Warehouse cost indexes have been developed through a model that takes into account a standardized basket of goods that are relatable to warehouse costs. The capital structure becomes neutralized and internal benchmarking enables such that all warehouse costs can be compared in order to how cost-efficient each and every are.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 75 p.
Keyword [en]
Controlling, KPIs, Modelling, Benchmarking, Performance measurement, Warehouse management, Costing, Purchasing power parity
Keyword [sv]
Ekonomistyrning, KPI, Modellutveckling, Benchmarking, Prestationsmätning, Lagerhållningskostnader, Kalkylering, Köpkraftsparitet
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-45211OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-45211DiVA: diva2:828203
Subject / course
Business Administration - Management Accounting
Educational program
Business Administration and Economics Programme, 240 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-30 Created: 2015-06-29 Last updated: 2015-07-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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