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Age, Work and Retirement in Sweden – Views, Policies and Strategies of key Actors. An Overview of Work, Pensions and Early Exit as well as State Policies and Employer Strategies Towards the Older Workforce.: Background Paper on the Swedish case for the ‘Millennium Project’ Conference in Tokyo, November 29th -30th 2001, organised by the Japan Institute of Labour
Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. (AMER; FPF (Forum för professionsforskning))
2002 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish government’s official policy during the entire post-war period has been to promote employment up to the ordinary retirement age. The central labour market organisations have supported that policy. However, policy on the firm level has been different. Many firms have tried to influence their older workers to leave early. A combination of support from social insurance and occupational insurance schemes and directly from the firms has been used to persuade older workers (and the local unions) to waive their rights to employment, which they have according to the seniority principle. This locally engineered policy found support among employers, local unions and older workers as well.


During the 1990s Sweden experienced a gradual decline in labour force participation. The decline in labour force participation led to initiatives from the government to influence the employment policy of the firms. The government has continued and in several ways recently strengthened its policy to counteract early retirement. However, the extent of early exit has increased. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Växjö universitet , 2002. , 40 p.
, Studies in the older workforce and the labour market, ISSN 1104-4292 ; 2002:1
Keyword [en]
older workers, labour market, early exit, Sweden, public policies for older workers, Millenium Project Japan Institute of Labour
National Category
Research subject
Social Sciences, Sociology; Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-45189OAI: diva2:827855
Millenium Project, Japan Institute of Labour
Available from: 2015-06-29 Created: 2015-06-29 Last updated: 2015-12-02Bibliographically approved

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Olofsson, Gunnar
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