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Diffusive gas fluxes in neotropical rainforest streams
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Rainforests are of great importance to global carbon cycling, but the importance of deforestation and change in land use is poorly understood due to a lack of studies quantifying the difference in carbon fluxes between original rainforest and agricultural land. Furthermore, the aquatic outgassing of neotropical systems have been proven to have greater impact on global carbon cycling than previously anticipated (Richey et al 2002).In this study we investigated the aquatic concentration and daily diffusive gas flux of CO2 and CH4 from 4 pristine sites and 4 impacted sites, respectively, in 4 streams running along a gradient of anthropological impaction in the Atlantic Rainforest, Brazil. Statistically significant differences between pristine and impacted sites were found in all streams for both CO2 and CH4. On average, the impacted sites were found to be emitting almost three times as much C into the atmosphere as the pristine sites, mainly owing to CO2 emissions (14172±5226 mg C m-2 d-1). Exploring an area of the neotropical carbon cycle that is not yet fully understood, the study draws attention to the significant difference in aquatic outgassing from rivers observed at different impaction levels and highlights the need for further field studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Carbon dioxide, diffusive flux, tropics, greenhouse gas, rainforest
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105692OAI: diva2:827574
Subject / course
Examensarbete i Geografi, för kandidatexamen
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Biology and Earthscience
Available from: 2015-07-01 Created: 2015-06-28 Last updated: 2015-07-01Bibliographically approved

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Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences

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