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Effektivitet i planprocessen: Erfarenheter av detaljplanering i Nacka kommun
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Efficiency in the Planning Process : Experiences of Planning Practice in Nacka municipality (English)
Abstract [sv]

Effektiva planprocesser är ett debatterat ämne till följd av bland annat stor tillväxt i landets storstadsregioner och ökande bostadsbrist. Debatten handlar om att det tar för lång tid att ta fram detaljplaner, där kommuner ofta skuldbeläggs. Många kommuner har svåra förutsättningar för samhällsplanering med tidspress kombinerat med tillväxt och höga målsättningar om produktion av planer. Denna studie undersöker vad effektiva planprocesser är, varför det eftersträvas och hur kommunal verksamhet kan effektiviseras. I särskilt fokus är Nacka kommun som står inför de svåra utmaningarna, men även två andra kommuner och statligt perspektiv vägs in. Metoden är kvalitativ genom litteratur-, dokument och intervjustudie. Resultatet tyder på att effektivitet inte endast handlar om tid utan även kvalitet, demokrati och genomförbarhet av en plan. De flesta samhällsmedborgare gynnas av effektiva planprocesser. Detta kan uppnås genom att kommunal verksamhet har tydlig organisation, arbetsmodeller, förmedlade prioriteringar, givande politisk process samt god relation och planering vid anlitande av konsulter. Slutsatsen är att effektiva planprocesser inte handlar om att kommuner tar fram detaljplaner snabbt eftersom långsiktighet krävs, men att effektivisering av kommunala verksamheter är möjliga.

Abstract [en]

Efficiency in the planning process is an issue for debate in Sweden resulting from, among several aspects, major growth of urban regions and increased demand for housing. The debate points at municipal planning offices and local authorities as being too slow in producing local plans. Many municipalities though operate planning under difficult circumstances with time pressure combined with growth and ambitious political goals on producing plans. This study investigates what efficient planning process is, why it is strived for and possible efficiencies in municipal planning operation. Nacka municipality is in focus as it stands before those challenges, but also two other Swedish municipalities and a national perspective are included. A qualitative method is applied with literature, document and interview studies. The result indicates that efficiency does not only include time aspects, but also quality, democracy and feasibility of a plan. Most citizens benefit from efficient planning processes. They can be achieved by municipal operations being clear in organization and working models, mediated priorities, useful political process and good relation and planning of hired consultants. The conclusion is that efficient planning process is not about municipalities producing local plans quickly since long-time perspective is required, although efficiency and streamlining of the municipal operation is possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 72 p.
Series
SoM EX, 2015-07
Keyword [en]
Planning process, local plan, efficiency, Sweden, consultant
Keyword [sv]
Planprocessen, detaljplan, effektivitet, konsult
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-170017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-170017DiVA: diva2:826848
Subject / course
Urban and Regional Planning
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Urban Management
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-08-12 Created: 2015-06-25 Last updated: 2015-08-12Bibliographically approved

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