The effects of CSR initiatives and CSR communication on customers’ responses and satisfaction: a quantitative study examining Systembolaget’s CSR
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has lately grown to be a well-researched area and most companies engage in social responsibilities to some extent. It has been shown that companies’ CSR and CSR communication affects consumer responses. Some of these responses have also been seen to be affected by the customers’level of support for CSR, and specific issues in particular, as well as their perceived fit between a company and a cause. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the impact CSR initiatives andCSR communication has on customers’ responses and satisfaction. Whether the customers are supportive of CSR and specific CSR issues will, along with the Perceived fit of the company and the cause, also be examined. The responses we will be examining are awareness, attitudes, attributions and perceptions. To make a practical contribution this will be executed in relation to the Government monopoly Systembolaget. This specific company does not work according to a profit maximizing motive but is depended on continued support from the Swedish population to be able to keep their mandate. Thus, they are also in need of satisfied customers and therefore the focus of this study will be on satisfaction related to the company’s CSR work.A research gap was detected,thus there are no previous research examining the factors employed in this research as a collective or of the specific company-context, i.e. a Government monopoly without an aim to profit-maximize. Hence, we could see that more research is needed on the area of consumers’perspectives regarding CSR and CSR communication, and especially in the monopoly context. In order for us to fulfill the purpose of this study, we conducted a quantitative study involving Systembolaget'scustomers. The results showed that perceived fit between the company and the supported causes had a significant positive effect on respondents’attitudes. These attitudes were in turn the factor showing the most significant, positive effect on customer satisfaction. Furthermore, the findings showed that both perceptions and awareness had a significant, positive effect on customer satisfaction, even though the effect was not as big. From our findings we could also conclude that Systembolaget have not reached their optimal level of either CSR or CSR communication. We therefore provided Systembolaget with some practical recommendations for how to proceed with their CSR work and proposed suggestions for improvement.
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IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105592OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-105592DiVA: diva2:826841