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Varför hamnar ungdomar respektive vuxna i ett behov av ekonomiskt bistånd?: En kvalitativ studie om hur socialsekreterare som handlägger ekonomiskt bistånd för ungdomar respektive vuxna beskriver orsaker till biståndsbehovet hos sina klienter
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

What Places Adolescents and Adults, Respectively, in Need of Social Assistance? 

A Qualitative Study of How Social Workers Whom Administrate Financial Assistance for Adolescents and Adults, Respectively, Describe Reasons Behind the Need of Social Assistance Amongst Their Clients

The purpose of this essay was to study and compare how social workers whom administrate social assistance for adolescents and adults, respectively, describe reasons behind the need of social assistance amongst their clients. This was done due to the use of qualitative interviews with a total of six social workers. Of these six, three administrated social assistance for adolescents while the other three did the same for adults. Prior research of poverty attribution greatly inspired this essay. This research shows that public explanations for poverty vary from individualistic to structuralistic/social and fatalistic attributions. Research also argues that explanations amongst social workers, specifically, may constitute further attributions which are unique to that group and that can appear alongside the aforementioned attributions. The results of this essay showed that both groups of administrators explained the need of social assistance in similar ways. Although many of the mentioned reasons were similar, making up several of the aforementioned attributions, some of them varied between the groups. Furthermore, a new set of attributions emerged from one group of administrators.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna uppsats var att studera och jämföra hur socialsekreterare som handlägger ekonomiskt bistånd för ungdomar respektive vuxna beskriver orsaker till biståndsbehovet hos sina klienter. Detta genomfördes med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer med sex stycken socialsekreterare; tre ungdomshandläggare och tre vuxenhandläggare. Studien inspirerades till stor del av tidigare forskning om fattigdom, som bl.a. pekar på att fattigdom allmänt förklaras enligt tre olika förklaringsmodeller - individuella, strukturella/sociala eller fatalistiska sådana. Denna forskning visar också att det hos vissa socialarbetare kan finnas ytterligare förklaringsmodeller utöver de som nämnts ovan. I denna uppsats framkom att ungdoms- och vuxenhandläggarna i huvudsak förklarade biståndsbehovet genom att använda gemensamma förklaringsmodeller - både de mer allmänna och de övriga som förekommit bland socialarbetare. Vad gäller de specifika orsaker som lyftes upp var vissa gemensamma för båda handläggargrupperna medan andra endast förekom hos en av grupperna. Hos en av grupperna framkom dessutom en helt ny förklaringsmodell.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
adolescent, adult, attribution, social assistance, social worker
Keyword [sv]
attribution, ekonomiskt bistånd, socialsekreterare, ungdom, vuxen
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-19851Archive number: SGSOK-2015-16OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-19851DiVA: diva2:826727
Subject / course
Social work
Educational program
Social work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-26 Created: 2015-06-23 Last updated: 2015-07-02Bibliographically approved

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