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Amning av prematurfödda barn: En interventionsstudie om mammors tillit och vårdpersonals attityder
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Breastfeeding frequency decrease in Sweden and infants born preterm is a particularly vulnerable group to not be breastfed according to current recommendations. Mothers of preterm infants have an extra need of support from the health care system. Mothers' self-efficacy in breastfeeding affects the outcome of breastfeeding. Health professionals' attitudes to breastfeeding have an impact on the breast feeding support they provide to the mothers.Aim: To investigate whether an intervention could strengthen self-efficacy in breastfeeding among mothers of premature babies. A further aim was to investigate whether the intervention influenced health professionals' attitudes to breastfeeding.Method/Design: An experimental study with quantitative approach in the form of questionnaire survey was conducted. The selection consisted of 14 mothers who were divided into control group and intervention group, in the health professional group the selection was 20 respondents.Results: Health professionals ' attitudes to breastfeeding was significantly more positive after the intervention. Also two statements on the survey demonstrated significantly more positive attitudes to breastfeeding among health professionals. Regarding mothers' breastfeeding self-efficacy no significant difference was detected between the control group and the intervention group.Conclusion: An evidence based intervention influenced the health professionals´ attitudes to breastfeeding. Further research is needed to demonstrate the connection between the intervention and mothers´ self-efficacy to breastfeed premature babies.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Amningsfrekvensen sjunker i Sverige och prematurfödda barn är en extra sårbar grupp för att inte bli ammade efter rådande rekommendationer och mammor till prematurfödda barn har ett extra stort behov av stöd från hälso- och sjukvården. Mammors tillit till sin förmåga att amma påverkar utfallet av amningen och vårdpersonalens attityder till amning påverkar amningsstödet de ger.

Syfte: Att undersöka om en intervention kunde stärka tilliten till att amma hos mammor till prematurfödda barn. Ett ytterligare syfte var att undersöka om interventionen påverkade vårdpersonals attityder till amning.

Metod/design: En experimentell studie med kvantitativ ansats i form av enkätundersökning genomfördes. Urvalet bestod av 14 mammor som fördelades i jämförelsegrupp och interventionsgrupp, i vårdpersonalgruppen bestod urvalet av 20 personer.

Resultat: Vårdpersonalens attityder till amning var signifikant mer positiva efter interventionen. Även på två påståenden på attitydformuläret visades en signifikant mer positiv attityd till amning hos vårdpersonalen. Gällande mammors tillit till sin förmåga att amma kunde ingen signifikant skillnad påvisas mellan jämförelsegrupp och interventionsgrupp.

Slutsats: En evidensbaserad intervention förbättrade vårdpersonalens attityder till amning. Ytterligare forskning krävs för att undersöka om interventionen kan påverka mammors till att amma prematurfödda barn.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 57 p.
Keyword [en]
Breastfeeding, preterm, self-efficacy, attitudes
Keyword [sv]
amning prematurfödd tillit attityder
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-256613OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-256613DiVA: diva2:825975
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot hälso- och sjukvård för barn och ungdomar
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-24 Created: 2015-06-24 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved

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