Protein Microparticles for Printable Bioelectronics
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
In biosensors, printing involves the transfer of materials, proteins or cells to a substrate. It offers many capabilities thatcan be utilized in many applications, including rapid deposition and patterning of proteins or other biomolecules.However, issues such as stability when using biomaterials are very common. Using proteins, enzymes, as biomaterialink require immobilizations and modifications due to changing in the structural conformation of the enzymes, whichleads to changes in the properties of the enzyme such as enzymatic activity, during the printing procedures andrequirements such as solvent solutions. In this project, an innovative approach for the fabrication of proteinmicroparticles based on cross-linking interchange reaction is presented to increase the stability in different solvents.The idea is to decrease the contact area between the enzymes and the surrounding environment and also preventconformation changes by using protein microparticles as an immobilization technique for the enzymes. The theory isbased on using a cross-linking reagent trigging the formation of intermolecular bonds between adjacent proteinmolecules leading to assembly of protein molecules within a CaCO3 template into a microparticle structure. TheCaCO3 template is removed by changing the solution pH to 5.0, leaving behind pure highly homogenous proteinmicroparticles with a size of 2.4 ± 0.2 μm, according to SEM images, regardless of the incubation solvents. Theenzyme model used is Horse Radish Peroxidase (HRP) with Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) and Glutaraldehyde (GL)as a cross-linking reagent. Furthermore, a comparison between the enzymatic activity of the free HRP and the BSAHRPprotein microparticles in buffer and different solvents are obtained using Michaelis-Menten Kinetics bymeasuring the absorption of the blue product produced by the enzyme-substrate interaction using a multichannelspectrophotometer with a wavelength of 355 nm. 3,3’,5,5’-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) was used as substrate. As aresult, the free HRP show an enzymatic activity variation up to ± 50 % after the incubation in the different solventswhile the protein microparticles show much less variation which indicate a stability improvement. Moreover, printingthe microparticles require high microparticle concentration due to contact area decreasing. However, usingmicroparticles as a bioink material prevent leakage/diffusion problem that occurs when using free protein instead.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 78 p.
Printed electronic, ink, ink materials, biosensor, protein, immobilization, modification, free enzyme, protein microparticles, enzymatic activity, structural conformation, substrate, Michaelis-Menten kinetic, Km, cross-linking, TMB, stability, pH, temperature, buffer, PBS, solvents, 2-Propanol, Acetonitrile, Ethylene Glycol, incubation, stability, reagent, Glutaraldehyde, CaCO3 template, HRP, BSA-HRP MP, contact area, bioink, leakage/diffusion, drop-cast.
Physical Sciences Biophysics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-119637ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--15/3041--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-119637DiVA: diva2:825367
Subject / course
2015-04-27, Laplace, Linköpings universitet 581 83 LINKÖPING, Linköping, 15:30 (English)
Wing Cheung MAK, Martin, Associate Professor
Turner, Anthony, Professor